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Jejunum

From Academic Kids

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Intestine.png
Diagram of the Human Intestine

In anatomy of the digestive system, the jejunum is the central of the three divisions of the small intestine and lies between the duodenum and the ileum. In adult humans, it is usually between 2-8m long. The pH in the jejunum is usually between 7 and 8 (neutral or slightly alkaline). The jejunum and the ileum are suspended by mesentery which gives the bowel great mobility within the abdomen.

The inner surface of the jejunum, its mucous membrane, is covered in projections called villi, which increase the surface area of tissue available to absorb nutrients from the gut contents. It differs from the duodenum due to lack of Brunner's glands. It is also different from the ileum due to less goblet cells and generally lacks Peyer's patches.

Jejunum is derived from the adjective jejune, which means "fasting" or "hungry" in Early Modern English.

External Links

Gastrolab.net:The Jejunum (http://www.gastrolab.net/bb12je.htm)


Digestive system
Mouth - Pharynx - Crop - Esophagus - Stomach - Pancreas - Gallbladder - Liver - Small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum) - Colon - Cecum - Rectum - Anus
Template:Anatomy-stub

de:Jejunum fr:Jéjunum it:Digiuno (anatomia) pl:Jelito czcze

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