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John Eaton

From Academic Kids

John Henry Eaton (June 18, 1790November 17, 1856) was an American politician from Tennessee. He was born near Scotland Neck, Halifax County, North Carolina.

He was a Democratic lawyer. He served in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812. He was a member of Tennessee House of Representatives from 1815 to 1816 and a U.S. Senator from Tennessee from 1818 to 1821 and again from 1821 to 1829. He was a close personal friend of Andrew Jackson; after Jackson became President he, along with Postmaster General, Amos Kendall, were the only members of the official Cabinet who were also a member of Jackson's informal circle of advisors often satirically called by Jackson detractors the "Kitchen Cabinet". (Apparently this group did, in fact, frequently meet in the White House kitchen.) He resigned his Senate seat in 1829 in order to take up appointment as Jackson's Secretary of War, a post in which he served from 1829 to 1831, when he resigned from the Cabinet over a scandal concerning his second wife, Peggy, that was known as the Petticoat Affair. He was later Governor of Florida Territory from 1834 to 1836 and United States Minister to Spain from 1836 to 1840.

Eaton, a Freemason, died in Washington, D.C. on November 17, 1856. He was buried at Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.

Eaton County, Michigan is named in his honor.



Preceded by:
Peter Buell Porter
United States Secretary of War
1829–1831
Succeeded by:
Lewis Cass
Preceded by:
William P. Duval
Territorial Governor of Florida
1834–1836
Succeeded by:
Richard K. Call

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