John Frankenheimer

From Academic Kids

John Michael Frankenheimer (February 19, 1930July 6, 2002) was an American film director.

He was born in New York City, New York and graduated from Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts in 1951. While serving as an Air Force Lieutenant during the Korean War, Frankenheimer became interested in directing. He directed service films and then began directing live television productions. He directed over 140 including one that starred Ronald and Nancy Reagan.

Frankenheimer directed his first theatrical film, The Young Stranger, in 1957, but did not direct another until 1961. 1962 was a pivotal year for the young director, he directed three films All Fall Down, Birdman Of Alcatraz and The Manchurian Candidate that were all box office hits. The Manchurian Candidate is the director's best known work and was recently named as one of the top 100 films of all time. It was pulled from circulation but re-released to great acclaim in 1988.

Frankenheimer directed Seven Days In May and The Train in 1964 that were also well received. However, his career took a downward spiral shortly thereafter. Frankenheimer had been a close friend of Robert Kennedy and in fact drove him to the Ambassador Motel in Los Angeles the night he was assassinated. It was this traumatic incident and a disillusionment with mainstream filmaking that led to the director developing a serious problem with alcohol that he was eventually able to overcome. Frankenheimer was able to make a comeback in the 1990s by returning to the medium of television. He directed two films for HBO in 1994: Against The Wall and The Burning Season that won him a slew of awards and renewed acclaim. The director also helmed two films for Turner Network Television in 1996 and 1997, Andersonville and George Wallace that were highly praised. Frankenheimer's last film was Path To War for HBO in 2002. He was scheduled to direct a prequel to The Exorcist but died suddenly in Los Angeles, California, from a stroke due to complications following spinal surgery, shortly before filming started.

Filmography

  • The Young Stranger (1959)
  • The Young Savages (1961)
  • All Fall Down (1962)
  • Birdman of Alcatraz (1962)
  • The Manchurian Candidate (1962)
  • Seven Days in May (1964)
  • The Train (1965)
  • Seconds (1966)
  • Grand Prix (1966)
  • The Fixer (1968)
  • The Extraordinary Seaman (1969)
  • The Gypsy Moths (1969)
  • I Walk the Line (1970)
  • The Horsemen (1970)
  • 99 and 44/100% Dead (1974)
  • Impossible Object (1974)
  • French Connection II (1975)
  • Black Sunday (1977)
  • Prophecy (1979)
  • The Rainmaker (HBO 1982)
  • The Challenge (1982)
  • The Holcroft Covenant (1985)
  • 52 Pickup (1986)
  • Dead-Bang (1989)
  • The Fourth War (1990)
  • Year of the Gun (1991)
  • Against The Wall (HBO 1994)
  • The Burning Season (HBO 1994)
  • Andersonville (TNT 1996)
  • The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996)
  • George Wallace (TNT 1997)
  • Ronin (1998)
  • Reindeer Games (2000)
  • Path To War (HBO 2002)

External links

fr:John Frankenheimer ja:ジョン・フランケンハイマー

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