John II Casimir of Poland

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Jan II Kazimierz Waza
Jan Kazimierz
Reign From November, 1648
until September 16, 1668
Elected In November 1648 in Wola,
today suburb of
Warsaw, Poland
Coronation On January 19, 1649
in the Wawel Cathedral,
Kraków, Poland
Royal House Vasa
Parents Zygmunt III Waza
Constance of Austria
Consorts Ludwika Maria
Children with Ludwika Maria
Maria Anna Teresa
Jan Zygmunt
Date of Birth March 22, 1609
Place of Birth Kraków, Poland
Date of Death December 16, 1672
Place of Death Nevers, France
Place of Burial Wawel Cathedral,
Kraków, Poland
buried on January 31, 1676

John II Casimir Vasa (Polish: Jan II Kazimierz Waza, March 22, 1609 - December 6, 1672), King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Duke of Opole in Silesia. His parents were Sigismund III of Poland (1566-1632), and Constance of Austria Habsburg (1588-1631). John Casimir was thus the nephew of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.

Royal titles

  • Official titles in Latin: Ioannes Casimirus, Dei Gratia rex Poloniae, magnus dux Lithuaniae, Russie, Prussiae, Masoviae, Samogitiae, Livoniae, Smolenscie, Severiae, Czernichoviaeque; nec non Suecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque haereditarius rex, etc.


His father Sigismund, grandson of Gustav I of Sweden, had succeded his father to the Swedish throne in 1592 only to be deposed from the by his uncle Charles IX of Sweden in 1599. This lead to a long standing feud where the Polish kings of the house of Vasa claimed the Swedish throne. Effects of this were the Swedish War (1600-1629). Poland and Sweden were also on opposite sides in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), although Poland, for the most part, has avoided taking part in any major military actions in that war.

In 1648 John Casimir II succeeded his half brother and cousin on the Polish throne. The reign of the last of Vasas in the Commonwealth would be dominated by the culmination in the war with Sweden (The Deluge), groundwork for which was laid down by the two previous Vasa kings of the Commonwealth. During the Deluge almost entire Polish territory was captured by the Swedes, who, although unable to retain most of their conquests and forced to reateat, had devastated the entire country.

Missing image
Oath of Jan Kazimierz, taken in 1655, during The Deluge. The king (kneeling) pledged in Lwów that he will drive the Swedes out of Poland, better the life of peasantry and stay true to the privileges and rights of the szlachta

In 1660 John Casimir II was forced to renounce his claims to the Swedish throne and acknowledge Swedish sovereignty over Livonia and city of Riga. John abdicated on September 16, 1668 and returned to France where he joined the Jesuit order and became an ordinary monk. He died in 1672.

His wife Mary Louise of Mantua (Polish: Ludwika Maria) died in 1667. She had been a major support to her husband, who had a tendency of depression.

King John Casimir abdicated his throne in 1668 and moved to France, where he lived his remaining years, as an abbot of a monastery.

John Casimir (1609-1672) was a Cardinal of Roman Church when succeeded. He was elected King of Poland 1648 and abdicated 1668. AS his father and brother, also he claimed the title King of Sweden, but after warring and Swedish invasion to Poland he was forced to relinquish that title in 1660. After 1668 abdication, he lived as Abbot of St.Martin in Nevers, France, where he died.

He married his brother's widow Mary Louise of Mantua who died 1667. He did not have surviving children. All his brothers and sisters having died, without surviving issue, before him, he was the last of the line of Bona Sforza. With him, all the legitimate issue of Alfonso II of Naples died out. His heir in Ferrante I of Naples and in Brienne succession was his distant cousin, Henry de La Tremoille Prince of Talmond and Taranto, the heir-general of Federigo di Aragona (second son of Ferrante I and Isabella of Taranto), who also was the heir-general of Federigo's first wife Anne of Savoy.

Preceded by:
Wladyslaw IV
King of Poland
Succeeded by:

Template:End box

Template:Kings and Dukes of Polandde:Johann II. Kasimir (Polen) pl:Jan II Kazimierz sv:Johan II Kasimir av Polen


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