Advertisement

Johns Hopkins University

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox University2 The Johns Hopkins University is an internationally prestigious private institution of higher learning located in Baltimore, Maryland. Johns Hopkins offers its main undergraduate and graduate programs at the Homewood Campus in Baltimore. The Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts & Sciences and the G.W.C. Whiting School of Engineering boast a wide spectrum in terms of its academic strengths, covering various fields from the social sciences and humanities to the natural sciences and engineering. In addition, the University maintains full-time campuses in greater Maryland, Washington, D.C., Italy, and China.

Contents

General information

Johns Hopkins holds many "firsts" in American education: it was the first university in the United States to put an emphasis on research, founded on the German university model. As such, it was the first American university to teach through seminars, instead of solely through lectures. The University was the first in America to offer an undergraduate major (as opposed to a purely liberal arts curriculum) and the first American university to grant doctoral degrees. The Hopkins model set the standard in the United States for most large research universities, particularly The University of Chicago.

The University is named for Johns Hopkins, who left US$7,000,000 in his 1867 will for the foundation of the University and Johns Hopkins Hospital. At the time, this was the largest philanthropic bequest in United States history), the equivalent of approximately US$86,542,022 in the year 2003. (this personal gift is surpassed only by alumnus Michael Bloomberg's total donation of US$100,000,000 during the 1990s). The University opened February 22, 1876, with the stated goal of "The encouragement of research ... and the advancement of individual scholars, who by their excellence will advance the sciences they pursue, and the society where they dwell." The University's first president was visionary educator Daniel Coit Gilman, and its motto in Latin is Veritas vos liberabit – "The truth shall make you free". The undergraduate student population at Hopkins was all male until 1970, though many graduate programs were integrated earlier.

The University was designed from the start to marry scholarship and research, and graduate education has always been of key importance. All students at Johns Hopkins are encouraged to pursue original research at the undergraduate and graduate levels, and nearly 80% of Johns Hopkins undergradates produce research by the time of graduation. Johns Hopkins receives more federal research grants than any other university in the United States, which is vital considering its smaller endownment size relative to its peer institutions. The University is affiliated with 31 Nobel laureates. It boasts a wide spectrum in terms of its academic strength including international relations, art and humanities, social and natural sciences, public health, writing seminars, and French.

In 1900, Johns Hopkins was one of only fourteen Ph.D.-granting universities to found the Association of American Universities (AAU), along with Harvard, Yale, Stanford, Columbia, Cornell, and other prominent institutions. The AAU is an organization of elite research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education.

People often mistakenly assume that Johns Hopkins' forename was "John." His forename is from a family surname. His great-grandmother, Margaret Johns, married Gerard Hopkins, who named their son Johns Hopkins, and whose name was passed on to his grandson.

In an excerpt from a commencement address from University President William R. Brody (May 2001):

"In 1888, just 12 years after the university was founded, Mark Twain wrote about this university in a letter to a friend. He said: "A few months ago I was told that the Johns Hopkins University had given me a degree. I naturally supposed this constituted me a Member of the Faculty, and so I started in to help as I could there. I told them I believed they were perfectly competent to run a college as far as the higher branches of education are concerned, but what they needed was a little help here and there from a practical commercial man. I said the public is sensitive to little things, and they wouldn't have full confidence in a college that didn't know how to spell the name 'John'."

More than a century later, we continue to bestow our diplomas only upon individuals of outstanding capabilities and great talent. And we continue to spell Johns with an 's'."

Missing image
Gilman.jpg
Gilman Hall (Homewood)

Undergraduate education

Johns Hopkins offers undergraduate programs based at the Homewood Campus, adjacent to Charles Village in northern Baltimore. The Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts & Sciences and the G.W.C. Whiting School of Engineering are two of the three schools based at Homewood, with the third being the School of Professional Studies in Business and Education (SPSBE). Among the many strong undergraduate and graduate departments at Johns Hopkins are art history, astronomy, biology, biomedical engineering, biophysics, creative writing (Writing Seminars (http://www.jhu.edu/~writsem/)), economics, English, environmental engineering, film and media studies, German, history, international studies, Near Eastern studies, political science, and Romance languages. Notably, the Biomedical Engineering Department is widely recognized as one of the best in the nation and the French Department was recognized as a "Center of Excellence" in the study of French culture and language by the government of France, one of only four in the United States. Additionally, the Writing Seminars department is ranked as second best in the nation, after the University of Iowa. Johns Hopkins also offers undergraduate degrees at the Peabody Conservatory and the School of Nursing. Through collaboration with its graduate schools, majors such as public health and international relations allow undergraduates to cross register and gain first hand experience in advanced studies through the Bloomberg School Of Public Health, SAIS, and the Johns Hopkins University Medical School. This unique experience promotes research opportunites among undergraduates with leading researchers in their respective fields, a rarity among other graduate focused research institutions. Although a valuable education is obtained through Hopkins, this is not without what many undergraduates call periods of trials and tribulations. As a challenging university with high admissions standards, classes are filled with highly able students preparing for the transition to graduate or professional school. At times, undergraduates may sacrifice their social lives, but always for the pursuit of higher knowledge. Those who take full advantage of the education and opportunities Hopkins has to offer often end up at their graduate or professional school of choice. A network of connections is offered at Hopkins through its prominent alumni and professors allowing for easier transitions be it graduate school or integration into the workforce.

Graduate education

The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions in East Baltimore
The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions in East Baltimore

In addition to graduate education at the schools of Arts & Sciences and Engineering, Johns Hopkins also has several respected graduate professional schools.

  • The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (simply referred to as "SAIS"), based in Washington, DC, is one of the country's leading graduate schools devoted to the study of international relations and is recognized as a world leader in international affairs, political economy, diplomacy, and policy research and education. SAIS has international campuses in Bologna, Italy and Nanjing, China. In addition, since 1990, SAIS has been one of only two non-law schools in the United States to participate in the prestigious Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition. Although SAIS students obviously enter the competition with a comparative disadvantage (all of those against whom they must compete have at least a year of law school), they have done remarkably well. Twice, SAIS has placed second overall out of 12 schools, and advanced to the final four in its region. In head-to-head competitions, SAIS has defeated first-class law schools such as the University of Virginia and the University of Maryland.
  • The celebrated Peabody Conservatory of Music, located in downtown Baltimore, became a division of the University in 1977. The Conservatory retains its own student body and grants its own degrees in musicology, though both Hopkins and Peabody students may take courses at both institutions.

The University offers education abroad through centers in Germany, Singapore, and Italy. The University operates the Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, which specializes in research for the U.S. Department of Defense, NASA and other Government agencies. The Space Telescope Science Institute is located on the Homewood campus and controls, analyzes, and collects data from the Hubble Space Telescope. The recently opened Information Security Institute, is the newest addition to the graduate programs affiliated with Johns Hopkins. Opened in 2003, the Institute is the "University's focal point for research and education in information security, assurance and privacy".

Campus

Missing image
Lowerquad.jpg
Wyman Quadrangle (Homewood)

The park-like main campus of Johns Hopkins, Homewood, is set on 140 acres (0.57 km²) in the northern part of Baltimore. Much of the beautiful architecture dates from the nineteenth century, and is designed in the Georgian style. Most newer buildings resemble the Georgian style, being built of red brick with white marble trim, but lack the details. The campus was originally the estate of the Carroll family, whose residence was used for administrative offices but now is preserved as a museum. In addition, the renowned Baltimore Museum of Art is situated just next to the University's campus, and admission is free to students.

Missing image
Sais.jpg
The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington, DC

Students

Entrance to the college is among the most competitive in the country, with over 11,000 applicants for 1,000 places in the freshman class. Undergraduate students matriculate from all 50 states and over 40 countries. Within six years of graduation, 85% of Hopkins students earn graduate degrees, the highest percentage in the nation. The median SAT score of the Class of '09 is 1440.

Approximately 1/3 of male undergraduates and 1/10 of females belong to the Greek system. Most of the fraternities maintain houses off campus, but the sororities tend to not do so.

Student publications

Missing image
Peabody.jpg
The George Peabody Library (Mount Vernon Place)

Hopkins has several entirely student-run publications. Among those are:The Johns Hopkins News-Letter, The Black & Blue Jay, Zeniada, j.mag, Prometheus, and The Hopkins Donkey (http://hopkinsdonkey.com). The News-Letter is the oldest continuously-published college newspaper in the nation, founded in 1896, and is published weekly. The Black & Blue Jay is among the nation's oldest humor magazines, founded in 1921, and is the inspiration for the University's mascot. Zeniada and j.mag are the university literary magazines. Prometheus is the undergraduate philosophy journal.

Library system

Missing image
JHU_Eisenhower_Library.jpg
The Milton S. Eisenhower Library (Homewood) seen from the upper quad

The Milton S. Eisenhower Library (called "MSE" by students), located on the Homewood Campus, houses over 2.6 million volumes and over 20,000 journal subscriptions. The Eisenhower Library is a member of the University's Sheridan Libraries encompassing collections at the Albert D. Hutzler Reading Room in Gilman Hall, the John Work Garrett Library at Evergreen House, and the George Peabody Library at Mount Vernon Place. Together these collections provide the major research library resources for the University, serving Johns Hopkins academic programs worldwide.

Since tradition (and a little campus lore) dictates that no structure on campus can be taller than Gilman Hall (the oldest academic building), only two of the six stories of the library are above ground; the rest are beneath, though architects designed the building so that every level has windows and natural light. (In truth, there is no rule regarding building height; the library's design was chosen for architectural and aesthetic reasons when it was finally built in the 1960's. Prior "master plans" for campus design over the previous decades had included massive imposing buildings to house the library collections.)

Athletics

The school's sports teams are named the Blue Jays. Hopkins has separate sets of colors: Columbia blue and black for athletic uniforms, and sable and gold for academic robes, and it is the only university in the United States to celebrate Homecoming in the spring. Outside of the Men's and Women's Division I lacrosse teams, Hopkins participates in the NCAA's Division III and the Centennial Conference. The school's most prominent sports team is its Men's lacrosse team, which has won 43 national titles - 8 NCAA Divison I (2005,1987,1985,1984,1980,1979,1978,1974), 29 USILA, and 6 ILA titles. Hopkins' collegiate lacrosse rivals are Princeton University and Syracuse University, and intrastate rivals are the University of Maryland and the United States Naval Academy. The National Lacrosse Hall of Fame is adjacent to the University.

Presidents of Johns Hopkins

People of Johns Hopkins

Notable alumni

Nobel laureates

Government and public service

Academia, science, and technology

Literature, arts, and media

Business

Other


Notable faculty

Fictional associations

External links

de:Johns-Hopkins-Universitt fr:Universit Johns-Hopkins zh:霍普金斯大学 ja:ジョンス・ホプキンス大学

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools