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Jubilee Line

From Academic Kids

Lines of the
London Underground
  Bakerloo
  Central
  Circle
  District
  East London
  Hammersmith & City
  Jubilee
  Metropolitan
  Northern
  Piccadilly
  Victoria
  Waterloo & City
  Docklands Light Railway
  Tramlink

The Jubilee Line is a line on the London Underground, coloured grey on the Tube map.

Contents

History

The line opened on 1 May 1979, taking over one of the Bakerloo Line's two branches to relieve congestion on their common portion. The Baker Street to Stanmore branch was joined to a new four-km segment into central London with a terminus at a new station at Charing Cross railway station.

The previous Charing Cross station, on the Circle, District, Bakerloo and Northern lines, was renamed Embankment. The new Charing Cross tube station created a new interchange, amalgamating the stations of Strand on the Northern Line and Trafalgar Square on the Bakerloo.

The new line was to have been called the Fleet Line after the River Fleet, but the project was renamed for the occasion of Queen Elizabeth's 1977 Silver Jubilee and because the original plans to go west towards Fleet Street had been shelved. The choice of grey for the tube map is presumed to represent silver.

The Jubilee Line of 1979 was meant to be only the first phase of the project, but lack of funds meant the line stayed the same until the late 1990s. Phase 2 would have extended the line along Fleet Street to Aldwych and then across the River Thames to Lewisham.

Changes in land use, particularly the urban renewal of the Docklands area, meant the project to extend the line beyond Charing Cross changed considerably in the 1990s. The Jubilee Line Extension, opened in three stages in 1999, split from the existing line at Green Park, creating a one-station branch to Charing Cross, which is now closed.

2005 Upgrade

At the end of 2005, the Jubilee Line is expected to close [1] (http://news.scotsman.com/latest.cfm?id=4596940) for a five-day period starting 26 December 2005. This is in order to introduce seven-carriage trains instead of the present six-carriage trains, which cannot run simultaneously. An additional four complete trains will be added to the fleet, for a total of 63 trains. This will result in a 17% increase in capacity at peak times, allowing 3,000 more passengers to use Jubilee Line services. The notoriously poor signalling system will also be improved.

Map

Geographical path of the Jubilee Line (Large)
Geographical path of the Jubilee Line (Large)

Stations

Missing image
Jubilee_Line_carriage_-_internal_-_night_-_London_-_240404.jpg
Inside a Jubilee Line carriage

A Jubilee Line train stopped at Canary Wharf underground station
Enlarge
A Jubilee Line train stopped at Canary Wharf underground station

A Jubilee Line train rushes through Canary Wharf underground station
Enlarge
A Jubilee Line train rushes through Canary Wharf underground station

Missing image
Canary.wharf.jubilee.line.arp.750pix.jpg
The ticket hall of Canary Wharf underground station (Jubilee Line)

in order from west to east

Splits into two branches

Charing Cross branch

Stratford branch

External links

nl:Jubilee Line no:Jubilee-linjen

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