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Juche

From Academic Kids

Template:Politics of North Korea Template:Koreanname north Juche Sasang (pronounced "Joo-cheh"), also Kimilsungism, is the official government-sponsored ideology of North Korea. The name is Korean for "subject." It states that the subject of the revolution should be the masses, not any foreign power. It further develops that the nation must rely on itself; in this sense self-reliance or autarky. Juche has developed from Stalinism and the teachings of Kim Il-sung; it is often confused with Stalinism proper, despite important differences.

Juche has been promoted by the North Korean government and educational system since the term was first used in a 1955 speech by Kim Il Sung. At first, the ideology consisted of two fundamental ideas: that the proletarian revolution belonged to the people, and that the masses must be organized by a great leader. In the 1970s, Kim introduced a refined analogy: that the leader is the brain to the body of the people, and that the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) is, in turn, the nervous system that communicates with the brain on behalf of the people.

From an economic standpoint, Juche also calls for North Korea to be self-sufficient in industry and services, with as little foreign aid or interference as possible, and it has been applied more strenuously since the 1960's. Most of the economic focus has been on heavy industry, military spending, and agriculture, which North Korea considers its basic mainstays.

Juche was first conceived at a time when the USSR and China were vying for influence over North Korea's internal affairs; many historians view the emergence of Juche as Kim Il Sung's way of continually reasserting the state's independence. One noteworthy demonstration of this was the Juche-influenced Chollima (later known as Taean) economic campaign of the 1960s, where the government placed the economy under the strict control of the military in an attempt to build it up independently of Soviet support.

In 1977, Juche replaced Marxism in the North Korean constitution, solidifying its position in the state's government and society.

Some sociologists and other overseas scholars have likened Juche to a religious movement. They have claimed that the modern ideology indicates that adherents can achieve immortal life by shaping the immortal state and that the leader, according to Juche literature, is received in the same language in which Korean Christians would receive communion. Juche authorities state that the idea is a secular one.

The ideology has not gained much currency outside North Korea (with the possible exception of Communist Romania). While Juche study groups exist in many Western countries, they are not numerous, and exist more for propaganda purposes than actual study.

See also

External link

de:Juche-Ideologie fi:Juche fr:Juche ja:主体思想 ko:주체사상 nl:Juche pl:Dżucze sv:Juche zh-cn:主体思想

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