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Kathmandu

From Academic Kids

This article is about the city. For the furry comic book, see Katmandu.

Kathmandu (Nepali: काठमाडौं) is the capital city of Nepal. It is also the largest city in Nepal. It is a city of 670,000 in a valley by the same name in central Nepal, near the Vishnumati River. Kathmandu is located at 27°43' North, 85°22' East (27.71667, 85.36667). [1] (http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/cntry_files.html)

History

Market in Kathmandu, 1920. Sculpture of  visible at right.
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Market in Kathmandu, 1920. Sculpture of Bhairava visible at right.

Kathmandu is said to have been founded by king Gun Kamdev in AD 723. According to legend, the area was a lake in the past, but Manjushri, a disciple of the Shakyamuni Buddha, cut open a hill to the south and allowed the water to flow out, making the region habitable. The origin of the present name is unclear, but one of the more likely theories is that it was named after Kastha-Mandap ("temple of wood" in Sanskrit), after a pagoda carved from the single tree on the order of King Lakshmi Narasingha Malla in 1596.

Present

The old city is noted for its many Buddhist and Hindu temples and palaces, most dating from the 17th century. Many of these landmarks have been damaged by earthquakes and pollution. Seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites are in this valley.

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Street full of signs in Kathmandu
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Small stupa in Kathmandu
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Stone carving in Kathmandu street

Kathmandu has been popular with western tourists since the 1960s when it became a key stop on the hippie trail.

External links

de:Kathmandu es:Katmand eo:Katmanduo fr:Katmandou gd:Kathmandu hi:काठमांडू id:Kathmandu lb:Katmandu nl:Kathmandu ja:カトマンズ pl:Katmandu pt:Catmandu sk:Kthmnd fi:Kathmandu sv:Katmandu zh:加德滿都

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