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Lake Constance

From Academic Kids

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Bodensee_satellit.jpg
Lake Constance, satellite photo

Lake Constance (German Bodensee, also known as Schwäbisches Meer (informally) and sometimes written Lake of Constance) is a lake on the Rhine between Germany, Switzerland and Austria.

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Bodensee_Sonnenuntergang.jpg
Sunset at Lake Constance

The freshwater lake sits at 395 m above sea level and is central Europe's third largest, after Lake Balaton and Lake Geneva. It covers approximately 564 km² (220 mi²) of total area. The greatest depth is 252 m in the middle of the eastern part (Obersee). Its volume is approximately 55 km³. The lake has four parts: Obersee, Überlinger See, Zeller See and Untersee. The regulated Rhine flows into the lake in the southeast, through the Obersee, the city of Konstanz and the Untersee and flows out near Stein am Rhein.

Lake Constance was formed by the Rhine Glacier during the ice age. The Rhine, the Bregenzer Ache, and the Dornbirner Ache carry sediments from the Alps to the lake, thus gradually decreasing the depth of the lake in the southeast.

Lake Constance was first mentioned by the Hispanic geographer Pomponius Mela about 43 B.C. He noted that the Rhine flows through two lakes, Lacus Venetus (today Obersee) and Lacus Acronius (today Untersee). Pliny the Elder used the name Lacus Brigantinus, after the Roman city of Brigantium (today Bregenz).

Car ferries link Romanshorn, Switzerland to Friedrichshafen, and Konstanz to Meersburg.

Contents

Islands in the lake

Towns and cities on the lake

Austria

Germany

From the entry of the Rhine, on the northern or right shore:

Switzerland

From the entry of the Rhine, on the southern or left shore:

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See also: Lake Constance Crash

bg:Боденско езеро da:Bodensųen de:Bodensee et:Bodeni järv als:Bodensee eo:Konstanca Lago fr:Lac de Constance it:Lago di Costanza la:Lacus Bodamicus nl:Bodenmeer no:Bodensjųen pl:Jezioro Bodeńskie sv:Bodensjön uk:Боденське озеро

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