Advertisement

Lanzarote

From Academic Kids

Lanzarote is also the title of a novella by Michel Houellebecq translated by Frank Wynne
Lanzarote
Elevation:Famara (671 m)
Latitude:29° N
Longitude:13.667° W (13°40' W)
Location: northeastern and eastern Canary Islands, Spain
Area:845.9 km²
Type: Stratovolcano
Last eruption: 1824 in Tiagua
First ascent: N/A
Easiest route: climb

Lanzarote, a Spanish island, is the easternmost of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean ca. 125 km off the coast of Africa as well as 1,000 km from the Iberian Peninsula. It is situated at 29°00' north, 13°40' west. The island was first name by Angelino Dulcert as Insula de Lanzarotus Marocelus and Lanzarote carries this origin since that time. Lanzarotus Marocelus comes from the name Lencelotto Malocello, a Genoese marine.

The elongated island has an area of 845,9 km². and the population is around 125,000. The length of the island is 60 km long from north to south and 25 km wide from west to east. Lanzarote has 213 km of coastline, of which 10 km are sand, 16.5 km of beaches, the remainder are rocky. Lanzarote is located 11 km NE of Fuertventura and only 1 km from Graciosa. Lanzarote also has mountainranges of Famara (671 m) to the north and Ajaches (608 m) to the south. South of the Famara massif is the El Jable desert which separates Famara and Montañas del Fuego. Tourism is the main island for the past 50 years. Other industries include agriculture.

It is part of the province of Las Palmas. It is divided into seven municipalities:

A nearby island, Isla de La Graciosa, is part of the municipality of Teguise, as are four smaller islets.

The seat of the island government (cabildo insular) is in Arrecife, which has a population of 47,100 (2004).

A total of 114,715 people (2003) live on Lanzarote.

The flag color is red and blue with a line going from bottom-left to top-right.

Missing image
Lanzarote_flag.gif
Flag of Lanzarote
.
Contents

Geography

Its mountains include Montañas del Fuego located in the Timanfaya National Park. The tallest mountain is Peñas del Chache elevating 670 m above sea level. The island is under protection as a Biospherical Reserve by UNESCO. It has the largest suberged volcanic tunnel in the world and is the "Tunnel of Atlantis".

Geology

Lanzarote (http://www.ilanzarote.net/index-in.html) is a beautiful island that is of volcanic origin. The island was created about 35 million years ago. Alfred Wegener arrived in 1912 and studied the island with the continental drift. The island along with others was created after the breakup of the African and the American continental plates.

Climate

Its climate ranges from mild to hot climates. Its daytime temperature in the summer is between 30°C and 35°C and the nightime temperature is at 20°C. Its winter daytime temperature is between 20°C and 25°C and the nightime temperature is between 13°C and 16°C. Lanzarote is surrounded with trade winds. The water temperature at the Atlantic is at 22°C during the summer and 17°C during the winter months. Precipitation is between 135 and 250 mm. The heaviest is between December and January. Lanzarote is the driest island in the Canary Islands. Most of the precipitation occurs in the area around Famara Massif while the south is mainly dry, Sandstorms which comes from the Sahara desert which happens every year. The temperature is over 40°C during this phenomenon. During this pheonomenon, visibility drops to only about 100 m and the sky becomes sandy with red and brown colors. These particles can destroy a jet engine. The wind is called the Levante to the islanders.

Flora and Fauna

Plants on the island includes 500 different kinds of which 17 are endemic and 180 are lichen. Lichens survive in the suitable areas like the rock and introduce its own weathering. These plants have adapted ways to the water, the same as succulent and are mostly founded on the island. Plants includes date palms Phoenix canariensis which are founded in damper areas of the north, Pino canariensis, ferns, wild olive trees (Olea europaea). The laurisilva trees were covered on the highest parts of Risco de Famara which are rarely founded today. After the winter rainfalls, the vegetation comes to a colorful bloom between February and March. The fauna of Lanzarote is monotonously more than the plant world except for bats and other types of mammals which arrived with humans to the island including the dromedary which used for agriculture, since it fits its enviromnental conditions on the island. Today, these animals are a tourist attratcion. Lanzarote also has 35 types of fauna including birds, falcons, reptiles such as the type of lizard, the Gallotia antica which is in endemic state and the Remipedia can be found in the Jameos del Agua lagoon, this crab is found in the depth of the water of several thousand metres. The lagoon was created from a volcanic eruption into the cave and probably survives today.

The vineyards of La Geria is a protected area especially with its traditional methods of cultivation. The small stones are designed to protect the plants from the winds. The vineyards are part of the World Heritage Site as well as other sites on the island.

History

Lanzarote was probably the first Canary Islands that was settled. The Phoenicians were settled around 1100 BC. The Greek writers and philosophers Herodotus, Plato and Plutarch described the garden of Hesperis, the land of fertility where fruits and flowers smell in the part of the Atlantic. The first known recordings came from Pliny the Elder in the encyclopedia Naturalis Historia on an expedition to the Canary Islands. The recordings of the names of then called Insulae Fortunatae were Canaria (Gran Canaria), Ninguaria (Tenerife), Junonia Mayor (La Palma) and Capraria (El Hierro. Lanzarote and Fuerteventura were not mentioned, they were mentioned as archipelago. After the plants were founded on the island, After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Canary islands became abandoned until 999 AD when the Arabs arrived to the island and was known as al-Djezir al-Khalida and other names. In 1336, a ship from Lisbon under the gudiance of Lanzarote da Framqua alias Lancelotto Malocello. A fort was later built in the area of Montaña de Guanapay near today's Teguise. Jean de Béthencourt arrived in 1402 on a private expedition to the Canary Islands and slavery came to the island as well as raw materials. Bethencourt first visited the south of Lanzarote at Playas de Papagayo. In 1404, the Spaniards with the support of the King of Spain came and fought a rebellion against the local Guanches. The islands of Fuerteventura and El Hierro were later conquered. In the 17th century, pirates raided the island which raided 1,000 inhabitants to slavery in Cueva de los Verdes. In 1730, the island was hit by a volcanic eruption. The eruption created 32 new volcanoes with a stretch of 18 km. The minister of Yaiza Don Andrés Lorenzo Curbelo which was documented in detail until 1731. The eruption lasted for 2,053 days and ended in 1736. The lava covered a quarter of the island's surface, under the most fruitful soils on the island and eleven villages. 100 volcanoes were founded in an area of Montañas del Fuego in which the name originates from the catastrophe. In 1768, the drought affected the island and winter precipitations did not fall. Much of the popoulation emigrated to Cuba and the Americas. Another volcano eruption occurred within the range of Tiagua in 1824 which was not as worse as the major eruption between 1730 and 1736. In 1927, Lanzarote as well as Fuerteventura became part of the province of Gran Canaria.

Persons

One of the most famous persons on the island is César Manrique, an artist.

Sites of interest

References

External link

Template:Commonsde:Lanzarote et:Lanzarote es:Lanzarote eo:Lanzarote fr:Lanzarote nl:Lanzarote

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools