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Latium

From Academic Kids

For the football club, see S.S. Lazio

Regione Lazio
Capital Rome
President Piero Marrazzo
Provinces Frosinone
Latina
Rieti
Rome
Viterbo
Municipalities 377
Area 17,208 km²
 - Ranked 9th (5.7 %)
Population (2001)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density


5,112,413
3rd (9.0 %)
297/km²
Image:Italy Regions Latium 220px.png
Map higlighting the location of Lazio in Italy

Latium (Lazio in Italian) is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. It comprises 5 provinces: Rome, Viterbo, Latina, [[Frosinone] and Rieti. Regional capital is Rome. Current President of the Region is Piero Marrazzo (center-left, elected 2005).


Contents

Etymology

The name of the region also survives in the tribal designation of the ancient population of Latins, from whom the Romans originated.

In Roman mythology, the shadowy king Latinus (or Latium) allegedly gave his name to the region.

Modern linguists postulate origins in a Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) root *stela- (to spread, extend), expressing the idea of "flat land" (in contrast to the local Sabine high country). But the name may originate from an earlier, non Indo-European one. See the Online Etymological Dictionary (http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=latium&searchmode=none).

History

The Latins founded a group of small settlements that united against the Etruscans and Samnites, and which came under Roman dominance in 338 BC. Rome granted all Latins Roman citizenship after the Social War in 90 BC.

Latium has great importance for history, art, architecture, archaeology, religion, and culture in general. The immense patrimony of the city of Rome forms only a part of the treasures spread over the hundreds of towns, villages, abbeys, churches, monuments, and other sites of the region.

Notable cities

External sites

Template:Italyda:Lazio de:Latium es:Lacio fr:Latium ga:Latium he:לאציו id:Latium it:Lazio la:Latium nl:Latium ja:ラツィオ州 no:Latium pl:Lacjum pt:Lcio ro:Lazio sl:Lacij sv:Lazio

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