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List of Presidents of Portugal

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Template:Politics of Portugal

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Flag of the President of Portugal

The table below lists the individuals who have served as President of Portugal since the establishment of a republic in 1910. Under the Portuguese Constitution adopted in 1976 in the wake of the Carnation Revolution of 1974, Portugal has a President, elected for a five-year term. The President may serve for a maximum of two terms. The President theoretically has wide powers, but most of these are rarely used, following the precedent sent by President António Ramalho Eanes (1976-1986) and upheld by his successors, Mário Soares and Jorge Sampaio.

Prior to the Carnation Revolution, the powers of the presidency varied widely; some were virtual dictators (such as Pais and Carmona in his early years), while others were little more than figureheads (such as Carmona in his later years, Craveiro Lopes, and Américo Thomaz; in their time, the supreme power was the Prime Minister, António de Oliveira Salazar).


Historical List of Presidents of Portugal
President Party Tenure
First Republic
Teófilo Braga 1910-1911
Manuel José de Arriaga 1911-1915
Bernardino Machado 1915-1917
Sidónio Pais (Dictator) 1917-1918
João do Canto e Castro (Provisional) 1918-1919
António José de Almeida 1919-1923
Teixeira Gomes 1923-1925
Bernardino Machado 1925-1926
Military dictatorship and Fascism
António de Fragoso Carmona 1926-1951
António de Oliveira Salazar (Provisional) National Union 1951
Francisco Craveiro Lopes National Union 1951-1958
Américo Thomaz National Union 1958-1974
Democracy
António Spínola military 1974
Francisco da Costa Gomes military 1974-1976
António Ramalho Eanes Independent 1976-1986
Mário Soares Socialist 1986-1996
Jorge Sampaio Socialist 1996-
de:Liste der Präsidenten Portugals

pl:Prezydenci Portugalii pt:Lista de presidentes da República Portuguesa ru:Португалия: список правителей

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