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List of fruits

From Academic Kids

Here are lists of all the fruits considered edible in some cuisine. Note that many true fruits are considered to be vegetables in the culinary sense (for example, the tomato), and hence do not appear in this article. There exist also many fruits that are edible but for various reasons have not become popular. You should eat some fruits everyday to stay fit and healthy!

Contents

Temperate fruits

Fruits of temperate climates are almost universally borne on trees or woody shrubs or lianas. They will not grow adequately in the tropics, as they need a period of cold (a chilling requirement) each year before they will flower. The apple, pear, cherry, and plum are the most widely grown and eaten, owing to their adaptability. Many other fruits are important regionally but do not figure prominently in commerce. Many sorts of small fruit on this list are gathered from the wild, just as they were in Neolithic times.

Rosaceae family

The Family Rosaceae dominates the temperate fruits, both in numbers and in importance. The pome fruits, stone fruits, brambles, strawberry, and rose-hip are fruits of plants in Rosaceae.

The pome fruits:

The stone fruits, drupes of genus Prunus:

  • Apricot (Prunus armeniaca or Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Cherry, sweet, sour, and wild species (Prunus avium, P. cerasus, and others)
  • Plum, of which there are several domestic and wild species; dried plums are called prunes
  • Peach (of the normal and white variety) and its variant the nectarine (Prunus persica)
  • Hybrids of the preceding species, such as the pluot

Berries

In non-technical usage, berry means any small fruit that can be eaten whole and lacks objectionable seeds. The bramble fruits, compound fruits of genus Rubus (blackbarries), are some of the most popular pseudo-berries:

The true berries are dominated by the family Ericaceae, many of which are hardy in the subarctic:

Other berries not in the Rosaceae or Ericaceae:

Fruits of Asian origin

Some fruits native to Asia that were not common elsewhere until the 20th century:

Fruits of American origin

Some other fruits native to North America that are eaten in a small way:

Cacti and other succulents

Several cacti yield edible fruits, which are important traditional foods for some Native American peoples:

Herbaceous annuals fruits

Melons and other members of Curcubitaceae or Solanaceae family

Some exceptions to the statement that temperate fruits grow on woody perennials are:

Accessory fruits

The accessory fruits, seed organs which are not botanically berries at all::

Vegetables

A few vegetables are sometimes colloquially, but incorrectly, termed as "fruit" in the kitchen:

Mediterranean and subtropical fruits

Fruits in this category are not hardy to extreme cold, as the preceding temperate fruits are, yet tolerate some frost and may have a modest chilling requirement. Notable among these are natives of the Mediterranean:

Green Fig Fruit. Photo provided by Classroom Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
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Green Fig Fruit. Photo provided by Classroom Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)

In the important genus Citrus (Rutaceae), some members are tropical, tolerating no frost. All common species of commerce are somewhat hardy:

  • Citron (Citrus medica)
  • Grapefruit and its predecesor the pummelo (also known as the shaddock) (Citrus paradisi)
  • Key Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)
  • Lemon (Citrus limon)
  • Lime (Citrus aurantifolia x medica) (an important hybrid of the Key Lime and the Citron)
  • Mandarin (Citrus reticulata), clementine (Citrus reticulata var. Clementine), tangelo (Citrus tangelo), tangerine, and similar
  • Orange, of which there are sweet (Citrus sinensis) and sour (Citrus aurantium) species
  • Shiikuwasha, a small, green, and sour fruit used like lemons or made into juice in Okinawa
  • Ugli fruit, a hybrid
  • Yuzu, a small, green-yellow sour fruit used much like limes or lemons in Japan


Other subtropical fruits:

Tropical fruits

Tropical fruit grow on plants of all habitats. The only characteristic that they share is an intolerance of frost.

Nonedible fruit

See also

External links

cy:Rhestr planhigion bwytadwy de:Obst fa:سیاهه ی میوه‌ها fr:Liste de fruits pt:Lista de frutas ru:Фрукты simple:List of fruit

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