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List of nearest stars

From Academic Kids

This list of the nearest stars to Earth is ordered by increasing distance. Stars invisible to the naked eye are shown in grey. Stellar class shown in the color of the star's spectral classification.

Designation Stellar Class Absolute Magnitude Right Ascension Declination Parallax
(Arc Seconds)
Distance
(Light Years)
Sources
System Star
Sun G24.85 0.000 016 (8 light minutes)  
Alpha Centauri Proxima Centauri (V645 Centauri) M5.5Ve15.53 14h 29m 43s -62° 40' 46" 0.772"4.22H, Y
Alpha Centauri A (Rigel Kentaurus; Toliman) G2V4.38 14h 39m 37s -60° 50' 2" 0.747"4.36S, Y
Alpha Centauri B (HD 128621) K0V5.71 14h 39m 35s -60° 50' 14"
Barnard's Star (BD+04°3561a) M4.0Ve13.22 17h 55m 23s +04° 33' 18" 0.547"5.96H, Y
Wolf 359 (CN Leonis) M6.0V16.55 10h 56m 28s +07° 00' 42" 0.419"7.78Y
Lalande 21185 (BD+36°2147) M5.5e10.44 11h 00m 37s +36° 18' 20" 0.393"8.29H, Y
Sirius Sirius A (Alpha Canis Majoris) A1V1.47 06h 45m 09s -16° 42' 58" 0.380"8.58H, Y
Sirius B DA211.34
Luyten 726-8 UV Ceti (L 726-8 B) M5.5e15.40 01h 39m 01s +17° 57' 00" 0.374"8.72Y
BL Ceti (L 726-8 A) M6.0e15.85
Ross 154 (V1216 Sagittarii) M3.5Ve13.07 18h 49m 49s +23° 50' 11" 0.337"9.68H, Y
Ross 248 (HH Andromedae) M5.5Ve14.79 23h 41m 54s +44° 09' 32" 0.316"10.32Y
Epsilon Eridani (BD-09°697) K2V6.19 03h 32m 56s -09° 27' 30" 0.310"10.52H, Y
Lacaille 9352 (CD-36°15693) M1.5Ve9.75 23h 05m 42s -35° 51' 11" 0.304"10.74H, Y
Ross 128 (FI Virginis) M4.0Vn13.51 11h 47m 45s +00° 48' 17" 0.299"10.91H, Y
EZ Aquarii Star System EZ Aquarii (L 0789-006) M5.0Ve15.64 22h 38m 34s -15° 18' 02" 0.290"11.26Y
Gl 866 B M?15.58
Gl 866 C M?16.34
Procyon (Alpha Canis Minoris) Procyon A F5V-IV2.66 07h 39m 18s +05° 13' 30" 0.286"11.40H, Y
Procyon B DA12.98
61 Cygni 61 Cygni A (BD+38°4343) K3.5Ve7.49 21h 08m 52s +38° 56' 51" 0.286"11.40H, Y
61 Cygni B (BD+38°4344) K4.7Ve8.31
Struve 2398 Star System Struve 2398 A (Gl 725, BD+59°1915) M3.0V11.16 18h 42m 47s +59° 37' 50" 0.283"11.52H, Y
Struve 2398 B (HD 173740) M3.5V11.95
Gl 15 Star System Gl 15 A (GX Andromedae) M3.0V10.32 18h 42m 47s +59° 37' 50" 0.281"11.62H, Y
Gl 15 B (GQ Andromedae) M3.5V13.30
Epsilon Indi (CP-57°10015) K5Ve6.89 22h 03m 22s -56° 47' 10" 0.276"11.82H, Y
DX Cancri (G051-015) M6.5Ve16.98 08h 29m 50s +26° 46' 37" 0.276"11.82Y
Tau Ceti (BD-16°295) G8Vp5.68 01h 44m 04s -15° 56' 15" 0.274"11.88H, Y
GJ 1061 (LHS 1565) M5.5V15.19 03h 35m 57s -44° 30' 46" 0.271"11.92 
YZ Ceti (LHS 138) M4.5V14.17 01h 12m 31s -16° 59' 57" 0.269"12.13H, Y
Luyten's Star (BD+05°1668) M3.5Vn11.97 07h 27m 25s +05° 13; 33" 0.264"12.36H, Y
Teegarden's star (SO025300.5+165258) M6.5V18.50 42.2436916.89200 0.43"12.46H
Kapteyn's Star (CD-45°1841) sdM0VI10.87 05h 11m 41s -45° 01' 06" 0.255"12.77H, Y
Lacaille 8760 (AX Microscopium) M2Ve8.69 21h 17m 15s -38° 52' 03" 0.253"12.86H, Y
Kruger 60 Star System Kruger 60 A (BD+56°2783) M3.0V11.76 22h 28m 00s +57° 41' 45" 0.248"13.14 S, Y
Kruger 60 B (DO Cephei) M4.0V13.38
Ross 614 Star System Ross 614 (LHS 1849) M4.5V13.09 06h 29m 23s -02° 48' 50" 0.244"13.34 S, Y
Gl 234 B (V577 Monocerotis)  16.17
Gl 628 (Wolf 1061, BD-12°4523) M3.0V11.93 16h 30m 18s -12° 39' 45" 0.236"13.81H, Y
Van Maanen's Star (Gl 35, LHS 7) DZ714.21 00h 49m 10s +05° 23' 19" 0.232"14.06H, Y
Gl 1 (CD-37°15492) M3.0V10.35 00h 05m 24s -37° 21' 27" 0.229"14.22H, Y
Wolf 424 Wolf 424 A (LHS 333) M5.5Ve14.97 17h 33m 17s +09° 01' 15" 0.228"14.30 Y
Gl 473 B (FL Virginis) M7Ve14.96

Notes: The light year distances for the nearest star systems taken from parallax data determined by the Research Consortium on Nearby Stars (or Recons). The sources for their determination were as follows:

H) Hipparcos catalogue.
Y) Yale Parallax Catalog.
S) Soderhjelm 1999.
T) Tinney 1996.
1) Discovered 2003; exact distance is still uncertain.

See also:

External links

it:Lista delle stelle pi vicine nl:Lijst van dichtstbijzijnde sterren pl:Gwiazdy położone najbliżej Ziemi ru:Список ближайших звёзд zh:恆星距離列表

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