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Logan International Airport

From Academic Kids

Template:Airport frame Template:Airport title Template:Airport infobox Template:Runway title Template:Runway Template:Runway Template:Runway Template:Runway Template:Runway Template:Airport end frame

KBOS is the airport identification code. For other uses of BOS, see BOS (disambiguation).

Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport, Template:Airport codes in the East Boston neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the 20 busiest airports in the U.S., with 22 million passengers a year using its 43 airlines.

It covers 2,400 acres (10 km²), has five major runways, and employs an estimated 15,000 people. The airport has service to destinations in the United States, as well as Canada, Latin America, and Europe.

Contents

History

Originally called Boston Airport, Logan opened on September 8, 1923 and was used primarily by the Massachusetts Air Guard and the Army Air Corp. The first scheduled commercial passenger flights were initiated by Colonial Air Transport between Boston and New York City in 1927.

The airport has expanded enormously over the years, including the addition of 1,800 acres (7 km²) built on landfill in Boston Harbor. In 1956, the state renamed the airport as Lt. General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport after a Spanish-American War hero from Boston.

Logan Airport's overcrowding has led the Massachusetts Port Authority to designate Manchester, NH Airport in Manchester, New Hampshire and T. F. Green Airport in Providence, Rhode Island as the second and third airports of Boston. For a time Massport also operated the scheduled flights at Hanscom Field (BED) in Bedford, Massachusetts and Worcester Airport (ORH). But expansion of commercial air service to Hanscom Field has been derailed by community opposition, while Worcester Airport has poor highway access and is located far from major population centers other than Worcester itself.

American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, both on BOS-LAX routes, crashed into the World Trade Center towers in the September 11, 2001 Attack. Also, on December 22, 2001, Richard Reid was arrested at Logan for trying to destroy American Airlines Flight 63. The plane, which was flying on a Paris-Miami route, made an emergency landing at Logan after Reid's attempts to light his shoe bomb were discovered and foiled.

On May 5, 2002, Logan's Terminal A, constructed in 1969, closed and was demolished. A replacement building and satellite terminal, funded mostly by Delta Air Lines, opened on March 16, 2005.

Delta's move to Terminal A freed up substantial space in Terminal C. JetBlue Airways plans to turn its operations at Logan into the airline's second focus city, after Long Beach, CA. On May 1, 2005, JetBlue relocated its operations to Terminal C with three gates. By 2009, JetBlue plans to have 11 gates at Logan Airport.

Construction has begun on a sixth runway, 14-32. This runway was first proposed in 1973, but had been delayed by court action. It is expected to open in late 2006.

Terminals

Missing image
BOS_airfield_map.png
FAA diagram of Logan Airport

Logan International Airport has five terminals, all connected by a shuttle bus. Moving walkways connect the terminals to a central parking garage. Only Terminal E has U.S. Customs and Immigration services, so all international flights arrive here, except for those coming from locations with U.S. customs preclearance, which includes Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, and Vancouver in Canada as well as Aruba, Bermuda, Cancun, Nassau, and San Juan.

Terminal A

  • Chautauqua Airlines dba Delta Connection (Columbus)
  • Comair dba Delta Connection (Bangor, Burlington, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, KY), Fredericton, Greensboro, Halifax, Jacksonville, Myrtle Beach, New York/Kennedy, Norfolk, Portland (ME), Raleigh/Durham, and Washington/Reagan)
  • Delta Air Lines (Atlanta, Bermuda, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, KY), Orlando, and Salt Lake City)
  • Delta Shuttle (New York/LaGuardia)
  • Song (Ft. Lauderdale/Hollywood, Ft. Myers, Las Vegas, Los Angeles (starts Sept. 6), Orlando, San Francisco (starts Sept. 6), Tampa, and West Palm Beach)

Terminal B (north side)

  • America West Airlines (Las Vegas, Los Angeles, and Phoenix)
  • American Airlines (Domestic Arrivals/Departures and International Departures) (Aruba, Cancun, Chicago/O'Hare, Dallas/Ft. Worth, Ft. Lauderdale/Hollywood, London/Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manchester (England), Miami, New Orleans, Orlando, Paris/Charles de Gaulle, Providenciales, San Diego, San Francisco, San Juan, Santo Domingo, Shannon, St. Louis, St. Thomas, and West Palm Beach)
  • American Eagle Airlines (Baltimore/Washington, Bangor, Columbus, Halifax, Montreal, New York/Kennedy, New York/LaGuardia, Newark, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, St. Louis, Toronto, and Washington/Reagan)

Terminal B (south side)

Terminal C

Terminal D

  • AirTran Airways (Akron/Canton, Atlanta, Baltimore/Washington, Newport News, and Philadelphia)

International Terminal E

Ground transportation

The MBTA's Silver Line SL1 service connects South Station, a major subway, rail and bus transportation hub in the downton Boston financial district, with all Logan terminals. There is also an Airport stop on the MBTA's Blue Line. The Blue Line stop is not in the airport terminal itself; a free shuttle ferries passengers from the train station to the terminal. Massport's Logan Express bus service also serves the areas of Braintree, Framingham, Peabody, and the Anderson Regional Transportation Center in Woburn.

The MBTA operates a water shuttle connecting Logan with downtown Boston, Quincy, and Hull. A free shuttle ferries passengers from the dock to the terminal.

By road, the airport is at the eastern terminus of the Massachusetts Turnpike (Interstate 90), which provides easy access from the west. From the south, travellers on Interstate 93 can connect to the Masspike east, through the Ted Williams Tunnel and take exit 26 to reach the airport. From the north, I-93 traffic to the airport uses the Callahan Tunnel, Route 1A North. From the North Shore, access is via Route 1A South.

External links

fr:Aroport international Logan ja:ローガン国際空港

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