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Lon Nol

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General Lon Nol

General Lon Nol (November 13, 1913 - November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician and former Defence Minister of Cambodia.

Biography

While King Norodom Sihanouk was away on a trip to Moscow and Beijing being treated for cancer, General Lon Nol launched a successful coup d'tat.

On March 18, 1970, the National Assembly was convened, and voted unanimously to depose Sihanouk as head of state. Lon Nol, who had been serving as prime minister, was granted emergency powers. Prince Sirik Matak, a royal prince who in 1941, had been passed over by the French government in favor of his cousin Norodom Sihanouk as king, retained his post as deputy prime minister.

Following Sihanouk's exit, American and South Vietnamese Army forces violated national sovereignty.

Soon the Cambodian Civil War erupted between pro-coup government forces loyal to Nol and the Maoist-nationalist Khmer Rouge insurgents. Nol turned to the Americans for assistance in defeating the Khmer Rouge. On November 18, 1970, U.S. President Richard Nixon responded by asking the United States Congress for USD $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government ($85 million was allocated for military assistance). The Nixon administration and the CIA maintained friendly relations with Nol's government, frustrated with former King Sihanouk's neutralist position while North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong units were operating out of Cambodia. However, despite U.S. aid, Nol was unable to defeat the Khmer Rouge.

On April 1, 1975, Lon Nol resigned and fled the country into exile in Hawaii.

External links

  • General Lon Nol (http://www.khmerkampongspeu.org/lonnol.htm)
  • The Coup (http://www.edwebproject.org/sideshow/history/coup.html)

See also: Cambodia -- Vietnam War nl:Lon Nol fr:Lon Nol ja:ロン・ノル pl:Lon Nol zh-cn:朗诺

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