Lorrin A. Thurston

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Lorrin A. Thurston led the overthrow of the Hawaiian kingdom in 1893. He appointed Sanford B. Dole to the office of president of the Republic of Hawai'i.
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Lorrin A. Thurston led the overthrow of the Hawaiian kingdom in 1893. He appointed Sanford B. Dole to the office of president of the Republic of Hawai'i.

Lorrin Andrews Thurston (18581931), was a caucasian lawyer who lived in the Kingdom of Hawaii and published the present-day Honolulu Advertiser. The child of missionaries to Hawaii, Thurston played a prominent role in the transformation of Hawaii from a sovereign monarchy to a territory of the United States.

As Interior Minister of the Kingdom of Hawaii, Thurston authored the Bayonet Constitution of 1887 that effectively stripped the monarch of all executive power and gave white American and European immigrants the right to vote. Later, he led the self-titled Committee of Safety that overthrew Queen Lili'uokalani with the help of the United States Marine Corps in 1893, an action that was apologized for a century later by the U.S. Congress in the Apology Resolution of 1993. Thurston drafted the constitution for the Provisional Government of Hawai'i and headed the commission sent to Washington, DC to negotiate American annexation. He helped draft the constitution of the Republic of Hawai'i, and after annexation retired to private life. As principal owner and editor of the Honolulu Advertiser, he was a promoter of the tourist and pineapple industries. His fortunes rose considerably as a result of the Island's annexation by the United States.

Thurston is credited with developing Hawaii's sugar canes and railroads and bringing the first electric street cars to Honolulu. He was also a volcano enthusiast, building the Volcano House (today a hotel at the rim of Kilauea volcano's summit Caldera) and bringing officials and delegations from the United States to see the volcano. He was friends with Thomas Jaggar and supported the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory during its early years.

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