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Louis Bonaparte

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Louis Bonaparte

Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (September 2, 1779 - July 25, 1844) one of three younger brothers of the Emperor Napoleon I of France, who made him king of Holland in 1806.

He was born in Ajaccio, Corsica. Napoleon I of France made him king of Holland in 1806. Intended by his uncle as little more than a French governor, Louis took his duties as King seriously, calling himself King Lodewijk I (adopting the Dutch form of his name), attempting to learn Dutch and trying hard to be a responsible, independent ruler of Holland. This was not to the liking of Napoleon, who forced him to abdicate in 1810.

Louis Bonaparte was also grand duke of Berg and Cleves 1809-1813.(Under the reign name of Karl Ludwig Napolon.)

Louis was married in 1802 to Hortense de Beauharnais, the daughter of Napoleon's first wife Josephine and, thus, Louis' niece by marriage.

During the reign of Napoleon I, Louis had been made the Count of Saint-Leu and in 1808 he was made Constable of France, a strictly honorary title. He died on July 25, 1844, and is buried at Saint-Leu-la-Fort, le-de-France.

Louis Napoleon Bonaparte and Hortense de Beauharnais had three sons:

  1. Napoleon Charles Bonaparte, born December 10, 1802, Prince Royal of Holland. When he died on May 5, 1807 at 4 years of age, his body lay in state at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. He is buried at Saint-Leu-La-Foret, Ile-de-France.
  2. Napoleon Louis Bonaparte, born October 11, 1804. Became Prince Royal of Holland on his brother's death, and was King Lodewijk II for one week between his father's abdication and the fall of Holland to Napoleon's invading army. He died on March 17, 1831, and is buried at Saint-Leu-La-Foret, le-de-France.
  3. Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, (1808-1873). Born in Paris, he was the third and last son, and would become Emperor Napoleon III of France (1852-1870).

See also

es:Luis Bonaparte fr:Louis Bonaparte ja:ルイ・ボナパルト nl:Lodewijk Napoleon Bonaparte

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