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Louis XII of France

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Louis XII

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Louis XII the Father of the People (French: Louis XII le Pre du Peuple) (June 27, 1462January 1, 1515) was King of France 1498January 1, 1515.

Contents

Birth

Louis XII, King of France was born on June 27, 1462 in the Chateau de Blois, France. The son of Charles, duc d'Orleans and Marie de Clves, he succeeded his father as Duke of Orleans in 1465.

Marriage

In 1476 Louis was required to marry the pious, but disabled Jeanne of France (14641505), the daughter of his second cousin, Louis XI, King of France. After Louiss predecessor Charles VIII, King of France died childless, this marriage was annulled in order to allow Louis to marry Charles widow, Anne of Brittany (1477-1514), the heiress and daughter of Francis I of Brittany in a strategy meant to ally the French Monarchy with the duchy of Brittany. After Anne's death, Louis married Mary Tudor (14961533), the daughter of Henry VII, King of England in Abbeville, France on October 9, 1514 in an attempt to conceive an heir to his throne, but was unsuccessful.

Issue

Louis's only marriage which produced any issue was his second, with Anne of Brittany. By her he had two surviving daughters:

Notable Events

Louis XII Leaving Alexandria on the 24th of April 1507, To chastise the city of Genoa. From a miniature by Jean Marot. No 5091, Bibl. natle de Paris.
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Louis XII Leaving Alexandria on the 24th of April 1507, To chastise the city of Genoa. From a miniature by Jean Marot. No 5091, Bibl. natle de Paris.

In an attempt to make good his claim to the duchy of Milan, Louis led several invasions of Italy. He successfully secured Milan in 1499 from his enemy Ludovico Sforza, and it remained a French stronghold until 1511, when Pope Julius II formed the Holy League to oppose the French ambition in Italy. The French were eventually driven from Milan by the Swiss in 1513.

Louis also pursued Charles VIII's claim to the kingdom of Naples with Ferdinand II, King of Aragon. Each power took a partition of this kingdom during the Treaty of Granada (1500), but were eventually at war over the partitioning, and by 1504 France had lost its share of Naples.

Death

Louis proved to be a popular king, introducing reforms in the judicial system and reducing taxes. These reforms and his caring nature earned him the epithet Father of the People. He died on January 1, 1515 and was interred in Saint Denis Basilica. Because of the Salic Law, which did not allow women to inherit the throne of France, he was succeeded by his cousin, Francis, Count of Angoulme, husband of his daughter Claude of France, who reigned as Francis I.


Preceded by:
Charles VIII
King of France
April 7, 1498January 1, 1515
Succeeded by:
Francis I
Preceded by:
Lodovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
1499–1512
Succeeded by:
Massimiliano Sforza
Preceded by:
Frederick IV
King of Naples
1501–1504
Succeeded by:
Ferdinand III

Template:End boxcy:Louis XII o Ffrainc de:Ludwig XII. (Frankreich) eo:Ludoviko la 12-a (Francio) es:Luis XII fr:Louis XII de France nl:Lodewijk XII van Frankrijk ja:ルイ12世 (フランス王) pl:Ludwik XII pt:Lus XII de Frana fi:Ranskan Ludvig XII sv:Ludvig XII av Frankrike

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