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Lychakivskiy Cemetery

From Academic Kids

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Cmentarz_Lyczakowski.jpg
Cemetery in 2003

Lychakivskiy Cemetery (Polish Cmentarz Łyczakowski Ukrainian Личаківський цвинтар) is a famous cemetery in L'viv.

History

Since its creation in 1787, Lychakivskiy Cemetery has been the main necropolis of the city's inteligentsia, middle and upper classes. Initially the cemetery was located on several hills in the borough of Łyczaków, following the imperial Austro-Hungarian edict ordering that all cemeteries be moved outside of the city limits. The original project was prepared by Karol Bauer, the head of the Lwów University botanical garden.

In mid-1850's the cemetery was expanded significantly by Tytus Tchórzewski, who created the present network of alleys and round-abouts. It then became the main city cemetery, and soon most other cemeteries were closed. The two largest that remained were the Yanivskiy Cemetery (in Polish Janowski, with many working class graves) and the adjacent New Jewish Cemetery. Lychakivskiy Cemetery was used by all Christian sects in the city: in addition to Roman Catholics, it also included Eastern Rite Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox.

In 1925 the ashes of one of the unknown defenders of Lwów were transferred to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Warsaw. Since 1999 there is also a monument to the Sich Rifles located just outside the mausoleum of Polish defenders of the city in 1918.

After World War II the city was annexed by the Soviet Union and the majority of the surviving pre-war inhabitants of the city were expelled. This started a period of devastation of historical monuments located at the cemetery. Up to 1971 many of the sculptures were destroyed; the cemetery of Lwów Eagles was completely destroyed and turned into a truck depot. However, in 1975 the cemetery was declared a historical monument and the degradation ended. Since late 1980's the cemetery has seen constant rebuilding and refurbishment and continues to be one of the principal tourist attractions of Lviv.

Notable people

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Lwow_Cmentarz_Lyczakowski_Konopnicka.jpg
Tomb of Maria Konopnicka. Sculpture by Luna Drexlerówna.

Since the city for centuries used to be a centre of Polish culture, there are numerous famous Poles buried there. Among them are:

Among the notable Ukrainians buried there are:

There are also numerous parts of the cemetery in which veterans of most wars of 19th and 20th centuries are buried, including the quarters of veterans of:

External links

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