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Málaga is a port city in Andalucia, southern Spain, on the Costa del Sol coast of the Mediterranean.

Contents

Overview

Málaga is the capital of the Spanish province of the same name. Population of the city of Málaga proper was 547,000 as of 2003 estimates. Population of the urban area was 716,000 as of 2000 estimates. Population of the metropolitan area (urban area plus satellite towns) was 1,019,000 as of 2003 estimates, ranking as the fifth largest metropolitan area in Spain. Malaga is surrounded by mountains, and two rivers, the Guadalmedina and the Guadalhorce, flow near the city into the Mediterranean.

The inner city of Málaga is just behind the harbour. The quarters of El Perchel, La Trinidad and Lagunillas surround this centre. The city has much revenue from the agricultural sector and from tourism. The painter Pablo Picasso, the 19th-century Spanish politician Antonio Canovas del Castillo, and the actor Antonio Banderas were born in Málaga.

History

The Phoenicians founded the city Malaka here, in about 1000 BCE. The name Malaka is probably derived from the Phoenician word for salt because fish was salted near the harbour; in other Semitic languages the word for salt is still Hebrew מלח mélaḥ or Arabic ملح milḥ.

About seven centuries later, the Romans conquered the city along with the other Spanish areas of Carthago. From the 5th century CE it was under the rule of the Visigoths. In the 8th century, Spain was conquered by the Moors, and the city became an important centre of trade. During this time, the city was called Mālaqah (Arabic مالقة). At a late stage of the reconquista, the reconquering of Spain, Málaga became Christian again, in 1487.

Málaga underwent fierce bombing by the Italian and Nationalist air forces during the Spanish Civil War in 1936. Tourism on the adjacent Costa del Sol boosted the city's economy in the 1960s.

Tourism

The city is a very popular tourist destination and as such has large numbers of visitors each year. There are various very cheap charter flights to and from Málaga from cities like Amsterdam and London. Many people come to appreciate the good weather and fine beaches of the Costa del Sol.

From Málaga, other cities of Andalucia, like Sevilla, Córdoba and Granada, can be reached by train, bus or car.

A beautiful walk leads up the hill to the castle, which is called the Castillo de Gibralfaro (Parador). From here there is a very beautiful view over the city, as the pictures show. The castle is next to the Alcazaba, which in turn is next to the inner city of Málaga. By taking the Paseo del Parque, a promenade that runs alongside a park with many palm trees and statues, one can walk from the Alcazaba to the harbour.

Sights in Málaga

  • Alcazaba (Arabic fortress)
  • Gibralfaro Castle
  • Harbour, one of the most important in Spain.
  • The Picasso Foundation - Native Home Museum of Picasso (http://www.fundacionpicasso.es/en/index.html)
  • Museo Picasso Málaga (http://www.museopicassomalaga.org/)
  • CAC Málaga (museum of modern art) (http://www.cacmalaga.org/00-ig.htm)
  • Museo Interactivo de la Música (MIMMA) (http://www.musicaenaccion.com/)
  • Museo Municipal (city museum).
  • Museo de Artes y Tradiciones Populares (Arts and People's Traditions Museum)
  • Cathedral of the Encarnation, neoclasical, in the inner city.
  • Palacio Episcopal (Bishop's Palace in the inner city)
  • Iglesia del Sagrario (Church in the inner city)
  • Iglesia Parroquial de Santiago (St. Jacob Church in the inner city)
  • Palacio de los Condes de Buenavista (palace in the inner city)
  • Plaza de Toros (bullring)

External Links

References

Guia Viva, Andalucia, Anaya Touring Club, April 2000.de:Málaga es:Málaga fi:Málaga fr:Málaga nl:Malaga (stad) pl:Málaga

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