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Manchester, New Hampshire

From Academic Kids


Manchester, New Hampshire
City nickname: Queen City
Founded 1810
CountyHillsborough County
Mayor Robert A. Baines (Dem)
Area
 - Total
 - Water
90.4 km² (34.9 mi²)
4.9 km² (1.9 mi²) 5.44%
Population
 - City (2000)

107,006
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5
Latitude
Longitude
42°59'11" N
71°27'6" W
www.manchesternh.gov
Missing image
City_Hall_Plaza_In_Manchester_NH.JPG
Manchester, New Hampshire

Manchester is the largest city in New Hampshire and the largest city of northern New England, an area composed of Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. It is located in Hillsborough County on the banks of the Merrimack River. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 107,006. In 2005 the population is more closer to 110,000. Manchester is the center of the Manchester, NH, New England City and Town Metropolitan Area (NECTA MA).

Incorporated as a city in 1846, Manchester is nicknamed the Queen City. In 1998, it was named the Number One Small City in the East by Money magazine. The Mall of New Hampshire, on Manchester's southern fringe, is the city's main retail center.

Historically, Manchester is important as a textile manufacturing center and the world's largest textile factory was once located along the Merrimack.

Contents

Geography

Manchester is located at 42°59'11" North, 71°27'6" West (42.986284, -71.451560)1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 90.4 km² (34.9 mi²). 85.5 km² (33.0 mi²) of it is land and 4.9 km² (1.9 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 5.44% water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there are 107,006 people, 44,247 households, and 26,105 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,251.6/km² (3,241.4/mi²). There are 45,892 housing units at an average density of 536.8/km² (1,390.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 91.75% White (this includes a large Bosnian population) 2.10% African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.32% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. 4.62% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. Manchester is national refugee relocation center.

There are 44,247 households out of which 29.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% are married couples living together, 11.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% are non-families. 31.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.36 and the average family size is 3.00.

In the city the population is spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 93.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $40,774, and the median income for a family is $50,039. Males have a median income of $34,287 versus $26,584 for females. The per capita income for the city is $21,244. 10.6% of the population and 7.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 14.6% are under the age of 18 and 11.7% are 65 or older.

Historical Populations

1767 230
1773 279
1775 285
1786 338
1790 362
1800 557
1810 615
1820 761
1830 877
1840 3,235
1850 13,932
1860 20,107
1870 23,536
1880 32,630
1890 44,126
1900 56,987
1910 70,063
1920 78,384
1930 76,834
1940 77,685
1950 82,732
1960 88,282
1970 87,754
1980 90,936
1990 99,332
2000 107,006
2002 108,398 (estimate)

Sources: New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning (http://www.nh.gov/oep/index.htm) and U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (http://eire.census.gov/popest/data/cities.php)

Cultural and Educational institutions

Cultural landmarks include the Palace Theater, home to the New Hampshire Symphony and the Opera League of New Hampshire, the Currier Museum of Art, the New Hampshire Institute of Art, the Manchester Historic Association Millyard Museum, the Massabesic Audubon Center, the Amoskeag Fishways Learning and Visitors Center, and the SEE Science Center

Area institutions of higher education, together enrolling more than 8,000 students, include:

Sports

Manchester is home to three professional sports teams:

Transportation

The city is served by Manchester Airport, a fast-growing airport that has Southwest Airlines as its main service provider.

Interstates 93 and 293 and US Highway 3 connect the area to Concord and the White Mountains to the north and Nashua and Boston to the south. NH 101 is a freeway-grade expressway that connects Manchester to the southeastern part of the state and Maine via Interstate 95.

Mass transportation is provided by the Manchester Transit Authority, which runs several bus routes throughout the city and surrounding areas.

Interesting Facts

  • The city is a refugee resettlement center. More than 10% of the city's population is now foreign-born.
  • The city is the hometown of fictional President Jed Bartlett and his family on the American television series, The West Wing.
  • Manchester is a sister city of Nashville, Tennessee, with which it is directly linked by air.
  • Manchester is nick-named "ManchVegas" by many locals.
  • The unofficial city newspaper is named The Hippo (http://www.hippopress.com/).

External links

Template:Mapit-US-cityscale

Flag of New Hampshire

State of New Hampshire

Governors

Capital: Concord
Regions: Dartmouth Sunapee | Great North Woods | Lakes Region | Merrimack Valley | Monadnock | Seacoast |White Mountains
Major Metros: Manchester | Nashua
Smaller Cities: Berlin | Claremont | Concord | Dover | Franklin | Keene | Laconia | Lebanon | Portsmouth | Rochester | Somersworth
Counties: Belknap | Carroll | Cheshire | Coos | Grafton | Hillsborough | Merrimack | Rockingham | Strafford | Sullivan

de:Manchester (New Hampshire) es:Manchester (Nueva Hampshire) pt:Manchester (Nova Hampshire sv:Manchester, New Hampshire

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