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Mandarin square

From Academic Kids

A mandarin square is a large embroidered badge sewn onto the surcoat of an official in imperial China. The animal-insignia inside the square indicates the rank of the official that wore it.

During the Qing Dynasty the Dragon in various poses were reserved for the royalty and nobility. Civil officials' insignias were birds while militiary officers' were beasts.

Gr. Civil Military
1 White Crane Qilin
2 Golden Pheasant Lion of India
3 Peacock North China Panther (Felis Fontanierii)
4 Wild Goose Tiger of Manchuria
5 Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) Asiatic Black Bear
6 Eastern Egret (Egretta alba) Giant Panda
7 Mandarin Duck Tiger Cat
8 Quail Seal
9 Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) Rhinoceros
etc Clouds and Sun none

Musicians used the Oriole.

The handiwork of the embroidery on the squares are very delicate and colourful.

Another piece of wardrobe Qing bureaucrats wore was the Manchu official headwear.

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