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Mapudungun language

From Academic Kids

Mapudungun
Spoken in:Chile
Argentina
Total speakers: 440 thousand
Genetic
classification:

Araucanian
 Mapudungun

Official status
Official language of:none
Regulated by:?
Language codes
ISO 639-2: arn
SIL: ARU

Mapudungun is an Araucanian language spoken in Chile and Argentina by the Mapuche people.

It is also known as Mapudungu, Araucano and Mapuche. Its speakers number 440,000, with 400,000 otherse in the Central Valley of Chile and 40,000 in Argentinian region of Patagonia. Some 200,000 people use the language regularly.

Mapadungun lacks substantive protection or promotion, despite the Chilean government's commitment to improve the situation and provide full access to education in Mapuche areas in southern Chile.

Contents

Sounds

Template:IPA notice

Vowels

Mapudungun has six vowel phonemes: , , , , and a high central unrounded vowel, . The last sound is spelled ü or v depending on the alphabet used, and is pronounced as a schwa when unstressed.

There are also two semivowels, and .

Consonants

Mapudungun doesn't distinguish between voiceless and voiced consonants.

bilabial labiodental dental alveolar postalveolar palatal velar
plosive
nasal
fricative
approximant
affricate
lateral

Some authors don't recognize as a separate phoneme; rather, they class it as an allophone of . (spelled as "tr", "tx" or even "x") is often described as a sound followed by a sound.

Spelling

Historically, there have been many proposals for a spelling system of Mapudungun, using the Latin alphabet. The chilean Corporación Nacional de Desarrollo Indígena (Conadi) proposed the following alphabet as a summary of about six earlier proposals. This alphabet is composed of the following 28 letters:

A, Z (for ), U, M, CH, E, F, I, K, T, NH (for ), TX (for ), O, Y, Q (for ), G (for ), LH (for ), Ñ (for ), R, S, LL (for ), P, Ü (for ), W, L, N, SH and TC (for ).

External Links

References

  • Aprueban Alfabeto Mapuche Unico (Oct 19, 1999). El Mercurio de Santiago.de:Mapudungun

es:Idioma mapudungun fr:Mapudungun

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