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Marche

From Academic Kids

Regione Marche
Image:Regione Marche Italy.gif
Capital Ancona
President Gian Mario Spacca
(The Union)
Provinces Ancona
Ascoli Piceno
Fermo
Macerata
Pesaro e Urbino
Municipalities 246
Area 9.694 km²
 - Ranked 15th (3.2 %)
Population (2001)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density


1,470,581
13th (2.6 %)
152/km²
Image:Italy Regions Marche 220px.png
Map higlighting the location of Marche in Italy

This article refers to the Italian region. There are other regions called Marches.

The Marche (plural, originally le marche di Ancona = the Marches of Ancona) are a region of central Italy, bordering Emilia-Romagna north and Tuscany and the republic of San Marino to the north-west, Umbria to the south-west, Abruzzo and Latium to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east.

The regional capital is Ancona. The region is divided into four provinces: Ancona, Ascoli Piceno, Macerata, all part of the ancient territory of Picenum, and Pesaro e Urbino which is composed of the traditionally separate provinces of Pesaro and Urbino, that were part of ancient Umbria. In 2004, a fifth province, the province of Fermo, was voted to come into being in 2009. The provinces of the Marche have distinct histories, largely owing to the geography of the region: except for the river valleys and the often very narrow coastal strip, the land is hilly. In the 19th century a railroad from Bologna to Brindisi linked the Marche along the coast-line of the entire territory: inland, the mountainous nature of the region even today allows little communication north and south, except by rough roads over the passes.

In a traditional mezzadria system, under which products are equally divided between the owners and the cultivators of the land, the rather unproductive soil and difficult terrain was fairly highly cultivated. The port of Ancona was the only really good harbor, the other small harbors were used by fishing fleets: the Marche furnished a large contingent of sailors to the Italian navy.

Template:Italy-geo-stub

Template:Italyda:Marche de:Marken es:Las Marcas eo:Markio fr:Marches ga:Marche it:Marche la:Marchi nl:Marken (Itali) ja:マルケ州 no:Marche pl:Marche ro:Marche sv:Marche

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