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Marine

From Academic Kids

Marine is an umbrella term for things relating to the ocean, as with Marine biology, Marine geology, and as a term for a navy, etc. In scientific contexts, the term almost always refers exclusively to saltwater environments, although in other contexts (e.g., engineering) it may refer to any (usually navigable) body of water.

Marines is the name of a commune in the dpartement of Val d'Oise, France.

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Military

A marine is basically a soldier who fights at sea instead of on land. Traditionally, marines served on board warships and fulfilled numerous roles - they assisted the crew in battles against other warships, conducted small coastal raids, and protected the officers from mutiny by the crew.

In modern warfare, Marines are often highly mobile, elite troops that can be positioned offshore close to the war zone to launch amphibious assaults. Manoeuver warfare is a type of fighting used by the US Marine Corps, which allows the battle to quickly change on the go and in turn keeping the enemy off balance at all times. Communication is key to this form of warfare.

National Marine corps

  1. French Army units which were formerly titled Colonial Troops and were army troops who wore an anchor patch and served overseas, but were the responsibility of the French Navy for administration. Nowadays, Marine troops consist Marine Infantry (Infanterie de Marine), Marine Artillery (Artillerie de Marine), Marine Armor (Chars de Marine). Marine troops wear an anchor patch.
  2. The Naval Fusiliers who protected naval bases and served on capital ships. Currently the Naval Fusiliers (FUSMAR or fusiliers marine) consists of 14 Companies of Fusiliers and a small commando battalion (FUSCO, or fusiliers/commandos).
  • The Royal Norwegian Navy is called Den Kongelige Norske Marine in Norwegian. The Royal Norwegian Navy unit responsible for naval infantry and ISTAR operations (equivalent to other countries' marine corps) is the Norwegian Coastal Ranger Command (Kystjegerkommandoen).
  • Royal Thai Marine Corps

Note that some countries do not differentiate branches of their armed forces, as Israeli Defense Forces, Canadian Armed Forces.

Historical Marine corps

Science Fiction Marines

da:Marine

ru:Морская пехота ja:海兵隊

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