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Marion County, Indiana

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Image:Map of Indiana highlighting Marion County.png

Marion County is a county located in the state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population is 860,454. The county's county seat is Indianapolis, Indiana6. It is named for Francis Marion, a Brigadier General from South Carolina in the American Revolutionary War.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,044 km² (403 mi²). 1,026 km² (396 mi²) of it is land and 18 km² (7 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.68% water.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 860,454 people, 352,164 households, and 213,411 families residing in the county. The population density is 838/km² (2,172/mi²). There are 387,183 housing units at an average density of 377/km² (977/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 70.49% White, 24.17% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.98% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. 3.87% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 352,164 households out of which 30.20% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.20% are married couples living together, 14.90% have a female householder with no husband present, and 39.40% are non-families. 31.80% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.70% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.39 and the average family size is 3.03.

In the county the population is spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 32.90% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $40,421, and the median income for a family is $49,387. Males have a median income of $36,503 versus $27,846 for females. The per capita income for the county is $21,789. 11.40% of the population and 8.70% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.30% of those under the age of 18 and 8.00% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Cities and towns

Marion County has a consolidated city-county government, in which only four municipalities retain a measure of government autonomy (including a mayor and city council) as "excluded cities" (in addition to Indianapolis, which has its own administration in addition to city-county consolidated government). The remaining municipalities within the county are "included towns" and exercise no authority beyond that of a large neighborhood association. Since many of these included towns were and remain fairly wealthy and influential within the county, this can amount to considerable unofficial clout. Likewise, some neighborhoods that had already been formally incorporated into Indianapolis (such as Broad Ripple) possess similar influence.

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