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Mariposa County, California

From Academic Kids

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Image:California map showing Mariposa County.png

Mariposa County is a county in California located in the western foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains. It lies north of Fresno and southeast of Stockton. As of 2000, its population was 17,130. The county seat is Mariposa.

The county's eastern half is the central portion of Yosemite National Park.

There are no incorporated cities in Mariposa County, though there are three communities recognized as census-designated places for statistical purposes.

Contents

History

Mariposa County was one of the original counties of California, created at time of statehood. It was the largest of the state's original counties, but territory that was once part of Mariposa is now in twelve other counties: Fresno, Inyo, Kern, Kings, Los Angeles, Madera, Merced, Mono, San Benito, San Bernardino, San Luis Obispo, and Tulare. Thus, Mariposa County is known as the Mother of Counties (http://www.mariposacourts.org/Mariposamapso.htm). Part of the county's territory was given to Tulare County in 1852, to Merced County in 1855, to Fresno County in 1856 and to Mono County in 1861.

The county took its name from Mariposa Creek. The area was so named by Spanish explorers in 1807 when they discovered great clusters of butterflies ("mariposas" in Spanish) in the foothills of the Sierras. Some say these butterflies were really butterfly lilies.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,789 km² (1,463 mi²). 3,758 km² (1,451 mi²) of it is land and 30 km² (12 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.80% water.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 17,130 people, 6,613 households, and 4,490 families residing in the county. The population density is 5/km² (12/mi²). There are 8,826 housing units at an average density of 2/km² (6/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 88.93% White, 0.67% Black or African American, 3.51% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 2.67% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. 7.76% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 6,613 households out of which 25.60% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% are married couples living together, 8.00% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% are non-families. 26.50% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.20% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.37 and the average family size is 2.86.

In the county the population is spread out with 21.60% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 29.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 43 years. For every 100 females there are 104.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 105.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $34,626, and the median income for a family is $42,655. Males have a median income of $31,194 versus $25,440 for females. The per capita income for the county is $18,190. 14.80% of the population and 10.50% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 16.50% of those under the age of 18 and 9.00% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Census-designated places

See also

External links


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