Advertisement

From Academic Kids

The murder of Lww professors was the mass execution of approximately 45 Polish professors of the University of Lww, their families and guests, committed in July 1941 in Lww. The mass murder was a continuation of AB Action, or Ausserordentliche Befriedungsaktion started in 1940.

Contents

History

After the German invasion of the Soviet Union started in 1941, Lww was captured on June 30. Together with the Wehrmacht a number of smaller Abwehr units entered the city. Aided by the Ukrainian Nachtigall batalion under Roman Shuhevych and several units of Ukrainian militia, they started mass executions of people previously put on proscription lists.

Most of the Jewish inhabitants of the city were shot on the spot while members of other nationalities were first transported to execution sites in the Gestapo prison at Pełczyńska street, Brygidki Prison, former military prison at Zamarstynw and to the fields surrounding the city: in Winniki suburb, Kortumwki hills and the Jewish Cemetery. Most of the people on the lists were Polish politicians, artists, sportsmen, scientists and priests.

By July 2, 1941, most of the terror actions were halted, yet the individual, planned terror continued. At approximately 3o'clock in the evening prof. Kazimierz Bartel was arrested by one of the Einsatzkommandos operating in the area.

In the night of July 3 and July 4 several dozens of professors and their families were arrested. The lists were prepared by their Ukrainian students. In the early morning of July 4 one of the professors and most of the servants were set free while the rest were either brought to the execution place in the Wulka hills or shot to death on the courtyard of the Bursa Abrahamowiczw building. The victims were at first buried on the spot, but several days after the massacre their bodies were exhumated and transported by the Wehrmacht to an unknown place.

Methodology of the crime

There are accounts of four different methods used by the German and Ukrainian troops. The victims were either:

  1. Beaten to death
  2. Killed with a bayonet
  3. Killed with a hammer
  4. or shot to death

The professors themselves were shot to death, although it is highly probable that at least two of them were buried alive.

Victims

Abbreviations used:

Murdered on Wulka hills

  1. Prof. dr Antoni Cieszyński, professor of stomatology UJK
  2. Prof. dr Władysław Dobrzaniecki, head of the ord. Oddz. Chirurgii PSP
  3. Prof. dr Jan Grek, professor of Internal Medicine, UJK
  4. Maria Grekowa, wife of Jan Grek
  5. Doc. dr Jerzy Grzędzielski, head of the Institute of Ophthalmology, UJK
  6. Prof. dr Edward Hamerski, head of the Internal medicine, AWL
  7. Prof. dr Henryk Hilarowicz, professor of surgery, UJK
  8. Rev. dr Władysław Komornicki, theologist, a relative of Ostrowski family
  9. Eugeniusz Kostecki, husband of prof. Dobrzaniecki's servant
  10. Prof. dr Włodzimierz Krukowski, head of the Institute of Electrical Measurement, PL
  11. Prof. dr Roman Longchamps de Brier, head of the Institute of Civil law, UJK
  12. Bronisław Longchamps de Brier, son of prof. Longchamps de Brier
  13. Zygmunt Longchamps de Brier, son of prof. Longchamps de Brier
  14. Kazimierz Longchamps de Brier, son of prof. Longchamps de Brier
  15. Prof. dr Antoni Łomnicki, head of the Institute of Mathematics, PL
  16. Adam Mięsowicz, grandson of prof. Sołowij
  17. Prof. dr Witołd Nowicki, head of the Anathomy and Pathology faculty, UJK
  18. Dr med. Jerzy Nowicki, assistant at the Institute of Hygiene, UJK, son of prof. Nowicki
  19. Prof. dr Tadeusz Ostrowski, head of the Institute of Surgery, UJK
  20. Jadwiga Ostrowska, wife of prof. Ostrowski
  21. Prof. dr Stanisław Pilat, head of the Institute of Technology of Petroleum and Natural gases, PL
  22. Prof. dr Stanisław Progulski, pediatrician, UJK
  23. Andrzej Progulski, son of prof. Progulski
  24. Prof. dr Roman Rencki, head of the Institute of Internal Medicine, UJK
  25. Dr med. Stanisław Ruff, head of the surgery branch of the Jewish Hospital
  26. Anna Ruffowa, dr. Ruff's wife
  27. Inż. Adam Ruff, dr. Ruff's son
  28. Prof. dr Włodzimierz Sieradzki, head of the Court Medicine faculty, UJK
  29. Prof. dr Adam Sołowij, former head of the Gynaecology and Obstetrics branch of the PSP
  30. Prof. dr Włodzimierz Stożek, head of the Mathematics Facultu, PL
  31. Inż. Eustachy Stożek, assistant at the Lww University of Science and Technology, son of prof. Stożek
  32. Emanuel Stożek, son of prof. Stożek
  33. Dr Tadeusz Tapkowski, lawyer
  34. Prof. dr Kazimierz Vetulani, head of the Theoretical Mechanics Faculty, PL
  35. Prof. dr Kacper Weigel, head of the Institute of Measures, PL
  36. Mgr Jzef Weigel, son of prof. Weigel
  37. Prof. dr Roman Witkiewicz, head of the Institute of Machinery, PL
  38. Prof. dr Tadeusz Żeleński-Boy, writer and gynaecologist, head of the Institute of French Literature

Murdered in the courtyard of Bursa Abramowiczw

  1. Katarzyna Demko, English language teacher
  2. Doc. dr Stanisław Mączewski, head of the Gynaecology and Obstetrics branch of the PSP
  3. Maria Reymanowa, nurse
  4. Wolisch (name unknown), merchant

Murdered on July 12

  1. Prof. dr Henryk Korowicz, head of the Institute of Economy, AHZ
  2. Prof. dr Stanisław Ruziewicz, head of the Institute of Mathematics, AHZ

Murdered on July 26 in Brygidki prison

  1. Prof. dr Kazimierz Bartel, former Prime Minister of Poland, former rector of PL, head of the Geometry Faculty, PL

Aftermath

After World War II the communist government of Poland tried to erase the Polish history of the city of Lww. Because of that the crimes committed by the Germans and Ukrainians east of the so-called Curzon line were not persecuted by the Polish courts and the informations on Polish universities in Lww were censored. However, in 1960 dr Helena Krukowska, the widow of Prof. dr Włodzimierz Krukowski managed to appeal to the court in Hamburg. After five years the German court closed the judicial proceeding. Public prosecutor von Beelow argued that the people responsible for the crime were already dead. However, this was not true since at the same time SS-Hauptsturmfhrer Hans Krger, commander of the Gestapo unit supervising the massacres in Lww in 1941 was being held in Hamburg prison (he was sentenced to life imprisonment for mass murder of Jews and Poles in Stanisławw, committed several weeks after his unit was transferred from Lvov. No person was ever held responsible for the massacre.

In the late 1980s the Abrahamowicz street in Lviv was renamed to Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński street. However, the pleas of various Polish organisations to commemorate the victims of the massacre with a monument or a symbolical grave in Lviv have been rejected ever since. The case of the murder of the professors is currently under investigation by the Institute of National Remembrance.

See also:

External links:

ru:Резня львовских профессоров

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools