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Max Perutz

From Academic Kids

Max Ferdinand Perutz (May 19 1914 - February 6 2002) was an Austrian-British molecular biologist.

He was born in Vienna in 1914. In 1936 he became a research student at the Cavendish Laboratory in a crystallography group directed by J. Bernal, and remained in Cambridge subsequently.

During World War II, he was asked to think of a way to improve the structural qualities of ice for Project Habbakuk and invented the mixture of ice and woodpulp known as pykrete.

In 1953 Perutz showed that the diffracted rays from protein crystals could be phased by comparing the patterns from crystals of the protein with and without heavy atoms attached. In 1959 he determined the molecular structure of the protein hemoglobin, which transports oxygen in the blood, using this method. In 1962 he received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry, with John Kendrew.

He established the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, England.in 1962 and was chairman until 1979. He remained active in research to the end of his life.

His son Robin Perutz is a professor of chemistry at The University of York in England.

Books

  • Is Science Necessary: Essays on Science and Scientists
  • I Wish I'd Made You Angry Earlier: Essays on Science, Science, Scientists, and Humanity
  • Proteins and nucleic acids: structure and function.
  • Science is Not a Quiet Life: Unravelling the Atomic Mechanism of Haemoglobin
  • Glutamine Repeats and Neurodegenerative Diseases: Molecular Aspects
  • Protein Structure: A User's Guide

External links

Template:Scientist-stubde:Max Ferdinand Perutz

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