Micro black hole

From Academic Kids

A micro black hole, also called a quantum mechanical black hole and inevitably a mini black hole is simply a tiny black hole around which quantum mechanical effects play an important role.

The existence of micro black holes is purely hypothetical but they may eventually be produced on Earth in particle accelerators such as the Large Hadron Collider or detected in cosmic ray collisions in our atmosphere. Such empirical data could greatly aid the development of a theory of quantum gravity.

Micro black holes would be interesting to observe because of their short lifespan. Black holes evaporate over time (see Hawking radiation) and the less the mass, the faster one does. Scientists hope to observe the "death" of a very small black hole.

Physicist Brian Greene has suggested that the electron may be a micro black hole; see electron black hole. Small black holes would look like elementary particles because they would be completely defined by their mass, charge and spin. Since the electron is not observed to evaporate, an explanation for the electron's stability is needed.

Contents

The Planck mass

The maximum mass of a micro black hole in which quantum mechanical effects play a dominant role is the Planck mass. This mass is also the value where the black hole's Schwarzschild radius and its Compton length are equal. This distance is also equal to the Planck length.

If two aggregates of fermions with mass-energy equal to Planck mass (or energy) collided in a particle accelerator within a distance of a Planck length, they would form a micro black hole. However, such a reaction would require energy levels orders of magnitude larger than we can currently produce.

Current predictions for the behaviour of a black hole with a mass less than Planck mass are inconsistent and incomplete.

See also

Classification by type:

A classification by mass:

Sources

External links

  • BBC (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4357613.stm) "Horatiu Nastase says his calculations show that the core of the (particle accelerator) fireball has a striking similarity to a black hole. His work has been published on the pre-print web site" arxiv.org (http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/hep-th/pdf/0501/0501068.pdf).
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