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Military of Iraq

From Academic Kids

The Military of Iraq consists of the Iraqi Army fields infantry, mechanized, and armored divisions. The historical Iraqi Republican Guard had in field armored divisions, mechanized divisions, and a motorized infantry division.

Contents

History

The Iran-Iraq War ended with Iraq supporting the largest military of the Middle East, with more than 70 army divisions and over 700 aircraft within its air force. Losses during the invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent ejection of Iraqi forces from Kuwait by a United Nations coalition resulted in the reduction of Iraq's ground forces to 23 divisions and the air force to less than 300 aircraft. Military and economic sanctions prevent Iraq from rebuilding its military power, however, Iraq still maintains a standing military of about 375,000 troops.

In the 1990s, Iraq had an arsenal of chemical and biological weapons. During weapons inspections in 2003, United Nations weapons inspectors searched Iraqi sites. Together with the Iraqi government, the UN participated in "substantial measures of disarmament," with several weapons of mass destruction being accounted for and destroyed. [1] (http://www.un.org/apps/news/infocusnewsiraq.asp?NewsID=414&sID=6) In late 2003, an American-led coalition invaded and occupied Iraq. Few weapons of mass destruction have been found.

Order of battle (pre-2003)

Before January 10, 2003, the Iraqi Army fields at least 11 infantry, 3 mechanized, and 3 armored divisions. In addition, the Iraqi Republican Guard fields 3 armored divisions, 2 mechanized divisions, and 1 motorized infantry division, while the Special Republican Guard fields 6 brigades, including two tank brigades and an anti-aircraft brigade..

Iraqi equipment

Number of equipment as of 2003 is presented inside parenthesis.

Tanks (Total: 2,200)

The Iraqi tank forces consist mainly of old Soviet gear. The Type-69/59 are Chinese copies of the Soviet T-55/54 tanks. (see List of Soviet tanks)

AIFV/APCs (Total: 3,800)

  • AML-60/-90 (300+)
  • BMP-1/-2 (900)
  • BRDM-2 (1300+)
  • EE-9 (600+)
  • EE-3 (300+)
  • FV-601 (100+)
  • FV-701 (90+)
  • PT-76 (100)
  • MT-LB (1,500+)
  • YW-531 (1,000+)

Towed Artillery (Total: 1,900)

  • M-56 105 mm
  • D-74 122 mm
  • D-30 122 mm (100+)
  • M-1938 122 mm (400+)
  • M-46 130 mm
  • Type-59-1 130 mm
  • M-1937 152 mm
  • M-1943 152 mm
  • G-5 155 mm (100+)
  • GHN-45 155 mm (200+)
  • M-114 155 mm

Self-Propelled Artillery (Total: 150)

Multiple Rocket Launchers (Total: 200)

  • BM-21 MRL 122 mm
  • ASTROS II MRL 127 mm (60+)
  • BM-13/-16 MRL 132 mm
  • ASTROS SS-30 MRL 180 mm
  • Ababeel-50 MRL 262 mm (50+)
  • ASTROS SS-60 300 mm

Surface-to-Surface Missiles

Fighters

The J-7 is a Chinese copy of the MiG-21.

Surface-to-Air Missiles


Statistics

Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Air Defense Force, Border Guard Force (Historical - Republican Guard, Fedayeen Saddam)

Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age

Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 5,674,990 (2000 est.)

Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 3,176,826 (2000 est.)

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 266,736 (2000 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA

Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA%

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