From Academic Kids

Under an ambiguously-worded Order-in-Council issued in 1960, the name Mountbatten-Windsor is the personal surname of some of the descendants of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. It differs from the official name of the British Royal Family or Royal House, which remains Windsor. The change of surname does not apply to members of the royal family who are not descended from the Queen. The Order specifically applies the surname to those descendants of the Queen not holding Royal styles and titles but in practice it is used by all the British Royal Family descended from Queen Elizabeth II as their surname, as shown at the marriages of the Prince of Wales and the Princess Royal, when both used Mountbatten-Windsor in the banns issued announcing their marriages.


History of the name Mountbatten

Mountbatten originates in the German Battenberg. Prince Louis of Battenberg changed his surname to Mountbatten (a literal English translation) during the First World War at the request of King George V. When the then Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark took British citizenship, he used this as his surname, as he descends from the Mountbatten family through his mother. It may also be seen as an act in honor of the Earl Mountbatten of Burma, the Prince's uncle.

Holders of the surname Mountbatten-Windsor

The following people either hold or have held, under the above common interpretation, the surname Mountbatten-Windsor. They are listed in the order of succession to the Crown.

Of course, few of these people actually use this surname, owing to the styles that are used for members of the Royal Family. For example, when the Duke of York was in the Navy, he was referred to as Lieutenant His Royal Highness, The Prince Andrew before he became The Duke of York, and Lieutenant His Royal Highness, The Duke of York afterwards - but not Lieutenant Mountbatten-Windsor. While Mountbatten-Windsor was entered into the marriage register for Prince Andrew and Princess Anne, the Prince of Wales was entered as simply "The Prince Charles Philip Arthur George".

Both Princes William and Harry have used "Wales" as a last name during their schooling. When Prince Harry enters Sandhurst Military Academy, he will be known as Officer Cadet Wales. Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie of York both similarly use "York" as a last name.

The Earl of Wessex has styled himself "Edward Wessex" for his television series Crown and Country since acquiring that title upon his marriage. Prior thereto, the show's credits listed him as "Edward Windsor."

See also




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