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Navarre

From Academic Kids

For other uses, see Navarre (disambiguation).
Comunidad Foral de
Navarra / Nafarroa
Foru Komunitatea
Missing image
Locator_map_of_Navarre.png
Image:Locator map of Navarre.png

Capital Pamplona
Official languages Castilian;
Basque co-official in some areas
Area
 – Total
 – % of Spain
Ranked 11th
 10 391 km²
 2,2%
Population
 – Total (2003)
 – % of Spain
 – Density
Ranked 15th
 569 628
 1,4%
 54,82/km²
Demonym
 – English
 – Spanish
 – Basque

 Navarrese
 navarro/a
 nafar
Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982
ISO 3166-2 NA
Parliamentary
representation

 – Congress seats
 – Senate seats
 5
 1
President Miguel Sanz Sesma (UPN)
Gobierno de Navarra (http://www.cfnavarra.es/)

Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) is an autonomous community and province of Spain. Its official Spanish-language name is Comunidad Foral de Navarra (for an explanation of foral, see fueros).

Contents

Community

It is bordered by the autonomous communities of the Basque Country (the provinces of Bizkaia, Guipúzcoa and Álava), La Rioja, and Aragon (provinces of Zaragoza/Saragossa, Teruel and Huesca), and by France.

Of its population of 569,628 (2002), one-third live in the capital, Pamplona (Basque Iruea or Irua). There are 272 municipalities in Navarre. See List of municipalities in Navarre.

People and culture

Navarre is a mixture of the Basque influence from the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean influences coming from the Ebro. The Ebro valley is amenable to wheat, vegetables, wine, and even olive trees, as in Aragon and Rioja. It was settled by the Roman Empire and later the taifa kingdom of Tudela. During the Reconquista, the Northerners extended southwards. In the Middle Ages, Pamplona was a crossing place for Basques, Gascons from beyond the Pyrenees and Romance speakers.

The Basque language has been losing ground for centuries. Often feelings of Basqueness are linked to the language. Somebody from a place where Basque was lost decades ago could say that she is not Basque but her grandfather was. Feelings of Basqueness often are carried onto politics with Basque nationalism being stronger in the North, either within Navarrese branches of Basque parties like Batasuna or as homegrown movements like Batzarre. Among the parties that downplay links to the Basque Country, there are local branches of Spanish parties like PSOE and also local movements like Convergencia de Demcratas Navarros.

History

For fuller account of history of Navarre, see Kingdom of Navarre.


See also


Template:Euskal Herria provinces

Template:SPprovca:Navarra cs:Navarra de:Navarra es:Comunidad Foral de Navarra eo:Navaro fi:Navarra fr:Navarre hu:Navarra it:Navarra nl:Navarra (Spanje) ja:ナバーラ州 pl:Nawarra pt:Navarra

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