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Norrland

From Academic Kids

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Map_Norrland_Sweden.png
Norrland of today
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Norrland of today

Norrland is an informal region of Sweden, not used for any administrative purpose but a very common concept in everyday language. Norrland comprises of the regions Gästrikland, Medelpad, Ångermanland, Hälsingland, Jämtland, Härjedalen, Västerbotten, Norrbotten and Lappland. This part of Sweden comprises roughly 59% of its area. Except for the coast areas, the area is sparsly populated.

The historical Norrland

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The historical division of Sweden (at the time including Finland) into four lands.

In older history, Norrland is one of the four lands of Sweden. To the west it represented the northern half of Sweden bounded to the south by Svealand and to the east it represented the northern half of Finland - which was then a part of Sweden - bounded to the south by Österland.

Provinces

The historical Norrland was made up of the following nine provinces:

Angermannia Missing image
Gästrikland.png
Gestricia

Helsingia Herdalia Missing image
Jämtland.png
Jemtia


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Lappland.png
Lapponia

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Medelpad.png
Medelpadia

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Österbotten.png
Ostrobothnia

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Västerbotten.png
Westrobothnia

In the 20th century the northern part of Westrobothnia occasionally came to be regarded as a separate traditional province:

History

As the Swedish kingdom expanded north both on the western (Swedish) side and the eastern (Finnish) side of the Gulf of Bothnia the territories uncovered were organised into provinces. The peace treaty of 1645, Denmark and Norway ceded Jemtia and Herdalia to Sweden and which were incorporated as provinces. The later peace treaty of 1658 would see Sweden receive Skåne, Bohuslän, Trondheim, Halland and Blekinge. Upon the separation of Sweden and Finland in 1809 Norrland was split in two parts, leaving all of Ostrobothnia, and the eastern parts of Laponia and Westrobothnia to the Grand Duchy of Finland, as a part of the Russian Empire.

See also

eo:Norrland hu:Norrland simple:Norrland sv:Norrland

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