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Northern indigenous peoples of Russia

From Academic Kids

This list is based solely on territory; the peoples listed here do not belong to a single language family or ethnicity: they are Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Eskimo-Aleut, and other groups. Many of these groups are now extinct or almost so, or assimilated.

Many of these peoples live in Siberia, and their names here are transliterations from Cyrillic, rather than self-names. In some cases this creates difficulty in providing the plural form, because the Cyrillic letter Ц is transliterated as 'ts'. These cases are marked by the asterisk (*).


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Small indegenous peoples of Russian North, Siberia and Far East

The following 40 peoples (as of 2000) are officially recognized as Indigenous Small Peoples of Russia. They are included into the Единый перечень коренных малочисленных народов России (Common List of Indigenous Small Peoples of Russia) approved by the government of Russian Federation on March 24, 2000.

These peoples satisfy the following criteria:

  • To live in their historical territory;
  • To preserve traditional way of life, occupations, and trades;
  • To self-recognize themselves as a separate ethnicity
  • There should be at most 50,000 of population within Russia.

Some of them, such as Soyots, were recognized only after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

These peoples subject to benefits according to a number of laws aimed at preservation and support of these ethnicities.

Ten of these peoples count less than 1,000 and 11 of them live beyond the Arctic Circle.

Far North

Central Siberia

Far East

Southern Siberia

Other

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