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Novi Sad

From Academic Kids

Novi Sad - Нови Сад
Missing image
Novi_Sad_001.jpg
Coat of arms of Novi Sad

(read more)
Motto: none
Executive government Mayor (Gradonačelnik)
City council (Skupština Grada)
Mayor Maja Gojković
Area 235.6 km²
Population
 - total
 - density

215,659 (2002)
812/km²
Founded
City status
1694
1748
Area code 021
Latitude
Longitude
Template:Coor dm
Twin towns Dortmund (D), Modena (I), Norwich (GB), Budva, Helioupolis (GR), Chang Chun (CHN)
City web site (http://www.gradnovisad.org.yu/)

Novi Sad (Serbian: Нови Сад or Novi Sad; Slovak: Nový Sad; Hungarian: Újvidék; Croatian: Novi Sad; Romanian: Novi Sad; German: Neusatz; Latin: Neoplanta) is a city in northern Serbia, located at 45.25° N, 19.85° E, on the banks of the Danube river. It is the capital of the Vojvodina province and a large industrial and cultural center. Its name means "New Planting" (noun) in Serbian. The city's population was 215,659 in 2002 and 298,139 with the surrounding inhabited places of the municipality included. An unofficial estimate of the current city population is approximately 240,000-250,000.

The city of Novi Sad comprises Novi Sad proper and the settlements of Petrovaradin and Sremska Kamenica. The metropolitan area of Novi Sad also comprises Futog, Veternik, Bukovac and Ledinci. There are also several other settlements in Novi Sad municipality, but these settlements are physically separated from the city.

Novi Sad is the second-largest city in Serbia-Montenegro (after Belgrade) and the administrative center of the South Backa District of Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the population of Novi Sad is composed of Serbs (75,50%), Hungarians (5,24%), Yugoslavs (3,17%), Slovaks (2,41%), Croats (2,09%), Montenegrins (1,68%) and others.

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Novi Sad

Contents

History

Human settlement in the territory of present-day Novi Sad has been traced as far back as the Stone Age (about 4500 BC). This settlement was located on the right side of the river Danube in the territory of present day Petrovaradin. This region was conquered by Celts (in the 4th century BC) and Romans (in the 1st century BC).

The Celts founded the first fortress at this location, which was located on the right bank of the Danube. During Roman rule, a larger fortress was built in the 1st century with the name Cusum and included in Roman Pannonia. In the 5th century, Cusum was devastated by the invasion of the Huns.

By the end of the 5th century, Byzantines had reconstructed the city and called it by the names Cusum and Petrikon. The city was then conquered by Ostrogoths, Gepids, Avars, Franks, Bulgarians, and by Byzantines again.

The city was conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary (in the 12th century), by the Ottoman Empire (in the 16th century), and by the Austrian Empire (in the end of the 17th century). The city was first mentioned under the name Petrovaradin (Pétervárad) in documents from 1237. Petrovaradin was known under the name Pétervárad under Hungarian rule, Varadin under Ottoman rule, and Peterwardein under Austrian (Habsburg) rule.

Because Orthodox Serbs were not allowed to live in Petrovaradin, a new settlement was founded in 1694 on the left bank of the Danube. The initial name of this settlement was Serb City (Ratzen Statt). The settlement officially gained the name Novi Sad in 1748 when it became a "free royal city".

For much of the 18th and 19th centuries, Novi Sad was the largest city populated with ethnic Serbs. It was a cultural and political centre of the Serb people, who did not have their own national state at the time. Because of its cultural and political influence, Novi Sad became known as the Serb Athens (Srpska Atina in Serbian). In 1820 Novi Sad had 20,000 inhabitants, of whom about 2/3 were Serbs.

During the Revolution of 1848-1849, the Hungarian army devastated the city, which lost much of its population. Serbian troops liberated the city from Austria-Hungary in November 1918, and Novi Sad joined the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. In 1929, Novi Sad became the capital of the Dunavska banovina, a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Hungary and the Axis Powers occupied the city in 1941, but it was liberated again in 1944. Since 1945, Novi Sad has been the capital of Vojvodina.

Devastated by NATO bombardment during the Kosovo War of 1999, Novi Sad was left without all of its three Danube bridges, communications, water, and electricity. Residental areas were cluster bombed several times while its oil refinery was bombarded daily, causing severe pollution and widespread ecological damage.

Since 2000 Novi Sad has been the host of the EXIT summer music festival.

Inhabited places and population

Quarters of Novi Sad

Famous citizens

Famous buildings and institutions

External links

Images

bg:Нови Сад

de:Novi Sad es:Novi Sad eo:Novi Sad fr:Novi Sad hr:Novi Sad hu:Újvidék nl:Novi Sad pl:Nowy Sad ro:Novi Sad ru:Нови Сад sr:Нови Сад sv:Novi Sad

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