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Nunavik

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The Nunavik Region of Quebec, Canada

Nunavik (ᓄᓇᕕᒃ) is a region making up the northern third of the province of Quebec, Canada. Covering an area of approximately 660 000 km2, north of the 55th parallel, it is the homeland of the Inuit in Quebec. About 9200 Inuit live in Nunavik, as well as 900 non-Inuit.

The name is Inuktitut and means "place to live." Inhabitants of Nunavik are called Nunavimmiut. As part of an act passed by the Parliament of Canada in 1912, without the agreement of the Nunavik peoples, the Federally administered area was made part of Quebec.

The principal town in Nunavik is Kuujjuaq; other settlements include Inukjuaq (where the film Nanook of the North was shot), Salluit, Povungnituk, and Kangiqsualujjuaq.

Nunavik is separated from Nunavut Territory by the Hudson Strait. The Ungava Peninsula and Ungava Bay are in Nunavik, which forms the northern two-thirds of the region of Nord-du-Québec.

There are no road links between Nunavik and southern Quebec; the only year-round link is by air, and there is seasonal shipping in the summer and autumn.

Under the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement of 1978, the Makivik Corporation, headquartered in Kuujjuaq is authorised to represent the Inuit of Nunavik. They are seeking self-government for the region, and have negotiated a number of claims on resource development.

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