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Oakville, Ontario

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Oakville (2004 population 171,894) is a town on Lake Ontario in southern Ontario, Canada, midway between Toronto (about 31 km away) and Hamilton (about 20 km away). Oakville is part of the Greater Toronto Area metropolitan community.

Contents

History

In 1793, Dundas Street was surveyed for a military road. In 1805, the Assembly of Upper Canada bought the lands between Etobicoke and Hamilton from the Mississaugas, except for the land at the mouths of Twelve Mile Creek and Sixteen Mile Creek (Halton). In 1807, British immigrants settled the area surrounding Dundas Street as well as on the shore of Lake Ontario.

In 1820, the Crown bought the area surrounding the creeks. The area, approximately 1000 acres (4 km²), was auctioned off to William Chisholm, a Scottish immigrant, in 1827. He left the development of the area to his son, Robert Kerr Chisolm and his brother-in-law, Thomas Merrick.

Oakville's first industries included ship-building, timber shipment, and wheat farming. In the 1850s, there was an economic recession and the foundry, the most important industry in town, was closed. Basket-making became a major industry in the town, and a railway was built through it.

The town eventually became industrialized with the opening of the Petro-Canada refinery, the Procor factory, and, most importantly, the Ford Motor Company factory.

In 1962 the town of Oakville merged with its neighbouring villages (Bronte, Palermo, Sheridan, and Trafalgar)to become the new Town of Oakville.

Demographics

According to the 2001 Canadian Census

Language

Language(s) First Learned and Still Understood:

Mobility Status

Place of Residence 1 Year Ago:

    • 124,185 - lived at the same address 1 year ago
    • 14,710 - lived within the same province/territory 1 year ago, but changed address
    • 3,115 - lived in a different province/territory or country 1 year ago

Place of Residence 5 Years Ago:

    • 75,940 - lived at the same address 5 years ago
    • 47,565 - lived within the same province/territory 5 years ago, but changed address
    • 11,180 - lived in a different province/territory or country 5 years ago

Immigration Characteristics

    • 102,620 - Canadian-born population
    • 39,610 - Foreign-born population
      • 30,410 - Immigrated before 1991
      • 9,200 - Immigrated between 1991 and 2001
    • 1,455 - Non-permanent residents

Aboriginal Population

    • 520 - Aboriginal identity population
    • 143,165 - Non-Aboriginal population

Visible Minority Status

    • 18,630 - Visible minority population
      • 3,280 - Chinese
      • 6,275 - South Asian
      • 2,770 - Black
      • 1,605 - Filipino
      • 730 - Latin American
      • 435 - Southeast Asian
      • 795 - Arab
      • 615 - West Asian
      • 625 - Korean
      • 445 - Japanese
      • 540 - Other Visible Minorities
      • 525 - Multiple Minorities
    • 125,055 - All others

Religion

    • 114,195 - Christian
      • 56,430 - Catholic (Includes Roman Catholic, Eastern Catholic, Polish National Catholic Church, Old Catholic)
      • 52,345 - Protestant
      • 2,680 - Christian Orthodox
      • 2,740 - Other Christian (Includes mostly answers of "Christian", not otherwise stated)
    • 2,935 - Muslim
    • 1,920 - Hindu
    • 1,600 - Sikh
    • 1,055 - Jewish
    • 600 - Buddhist
    • 430 - Eastern Religions (Includes Baha'i, Eckankar, Jains, Shinto, Taoist, Zoroastrian and Eastern religions, not identified elsewhere)
    • 115 - Other religions (Includes Aboriginal spirituality, Pagan, Wicca, Unity - New Thought - Pantheist, Scientology, Rastafarian, New Age, Gnostic, Satanist, etc.)
    • 20,830 - No religious affiliation (Includes Agnostic, Atheist, Humanist, and No religion, and other responses, such as Darwinism, etc.)

Divisions

Oakville is divided into many different communities called divisions. These divisions have little to do with politics and are largely for geographic reference.

Oakville's divisions are:

  • Old Oakville - located in South-Central Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario, it is the original Oakville Settlement and is centered on Oakville Harbour.
  • Bronte - located in Southwest Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario, it is a community centred on Bronte Harbour and includes the Coronation Park district.
  • East Oakville - located in Southeast Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario, it is bordered on the east by the industrial area of Clarkson, Mississauga and to the north by the Ford Motor Company factory.
  • Palermo - located in Northwest Oakville, it is a small community centred on the intersection of Dundas Street and Bronte Road (Highway 25).
  • North Oakville - the extreme north of Oakville, it is mainly rural.
  • Falgarwood - located in Central Oakville, it is mainly a residential area.
  • College Park - located in Centre East Oakville, it is centred around Sheridan College.
  • Glen Abbey - located in West Oakville, it is a large area surrounding Glen Abbey Golf Course.
  • West Mount - located in Northwest Oakville, it is a fairly recent development.
  • West Oak Trails - located in North Centre West Oakville, it is also a fairly recent development.
  • River Oaks - located in North-Central Oakville, it includes the Oak Park development.
  • Iroquois Ridge - located in North Centre East Oakville.
  • Clearview - located in Center East Oakville.
  • Sherwood Heights - located in Centre East Oakville, it is centred around the Ford plant.
  • Winston Churchill - located in Northeast Oakville, it is centred on the Winston Churchill Retail Area.
  • QEW Industrial Strip - the industrial areas which form a strip across Oakville along the Queen Elizabeth Way.

Sports

Oakville has one professional hockey team called the Oakville Ice. The team is part of the National Women's Hockey League (NWHL).

Current Indianapolis Colts placekicker Mike Vanderjagt and Olympic gold-medalist Adam van Koeverden were born and raised in Oakville, as was former NFL offensive lineman Tony Mandarich.

Olympic gold-medalist sprinter Donovan Bailey attended Q.E. Park High School after arriving in Canada from Jamaica, and currently has a street and park named after him in the area.

Oakville has an OHA Junior A men's hockey team called the Oakville Blades (http://www.oakvilleblades.ca). They were the Western Conference champions in the 2003 - 2004 season.

Notable People of Oakville

Education

Oakville is home to Sheridan College, a renowned animation and business studies institute.

High/Secondary Schools (Grade 9-12):

  • Private Schools:
    • Appleby College (7-12)
    • Maclachlan College
    • Rotherglen
    • Dearcroft Montessori
    • Westwind Montessori
    • Oakville Christian School
    • Glenburnie
    • Fern Hill School
  • Schools in the Halton District School Board:
    • Iroquois Ridge High School
    • Oakville Trafalgar High School
    • T.A. Blakelock High School
    • White Oaks High School
    • Abbey Park High School
  • Schools in the Halton Catholic District School Board:
    • St. Ignatius of Loyola Catholic Secondary School
    • Holy Trinity Catholic Secondary School
    • St. Thomas Aquainas Catholic Secondary School

Elementary (Junior Kindergarten-Grade 8) schools in Oakville include:

  • Schools in the Halton District School Board:
    • Abbey Lane Public School
    • Brantwood Public School
    • Brookdale Public School
    • Chisholm Public School (JK-G5)
    • Captain R. Wilson Public School (JK-G7)[1] (http://crw.hdsb.ca/index.html)
    • Eastview Public School (G6-G8)
    • Gladys Speers Public School (JK-G6)
    • Heritage Glen Public School
    • Lorne Skuce Public School (JK-G5)
    • Munn's Public School (JK-G5)
    • New Central Public School (G6-G8)
    • Maple Grove Public School (JK-G5)
    • Oakwood Public School (JK-G5)
    • Pilgrim Wood Public School
    • River Oaks Public School
    • Sheridan Public School (JK-G5)
    • W.H. Morden Public School
    • Post's Corner Public School
    • E.J. James Public School (G6-G8)
    • Falgarwood Public School
    • Linbrook Public School (JK-G5)
    • Montclair Sr. Public School (G6-G8)
    • Pine Grove Public School (G1-G8)
    • Sunningdale Public School (G1-G8)
    • West Oak Public School
  • Schools in the Halton Catholic District School Board:
    • St. Vincent Catholic Elementary School
    • Holy Family Catholic Elementary School
    • Mother Teresa Catholic Elementary School
    • Our Lady of Peace Catholic Elementary School
    • St. Andrew Catholic Elementary School
    • St. Bernadette Catholic Elementary School
    • St. Dominic Catholic Elementary School
    • St. Joan of Arc Catholic Elementary School
    • St. James Catholic Elementary School
    • St. John Catholic Elementary School
    • St. Joseph Catholic Elementary School
    • St. Luke Catholic Elementary School
    • St. Matthew Catholic Elementary School
    • St. Michael Catholic Elementary School
    • St. Marguerite d'Youville Catholic Elementary School (French)

Representation

Oakville is divided into two Ridings that are used for both provincial and federal legislatures: Halton Riding and Oakville Riding.

Canadian House of Commons:

Legislative Assembly of Ontario:

External Links

North: Milton
West: Burlington Oakville East: Mississauga
South: Lake Ontario
pt:Oakville (Ontário)

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