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Ocean City, Maryland

From Academic Kids

Ocean City is an Atlantic Ocean barrier island town located in Worcester County, Maryland. Ocean City is widely known in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States and is a frequent destination for vacationers.

Template:US City infobox

Contents

History

According to legend, Isaac Coffin built in 1869 the first beach-front cottage to receive paying guests. During those days people came by stage coach and ferry. They came to fish off the shore, to enjoy the natural beauty of the Atlantic Ocean pounding against the long strip of sandy beach, to collect seashells, or just to sit back and watch the rolling surf.

Soon after other boarding houses were built on the strip of sand. The activity attracted some prominent businessmen from the Eastern Shore, Baltimore and Philadelphia. They came not so much to visit as to survey the barrier island. A decision was made to develop it and 250 lots were cut into it, and a corporation was formed to help with the development of the island. The corporation stock of 4,000 shares sold for $25 each.

Prior to 1870, what is now Ocean City, Maryland, was known as "The Ladies Resort to the Ocean".

The Atlantic Hotel, the first major hotel in the city, opened July 4, 1875. Besides the beach and ocean it offered dancing and billiard rooms to the visitors of its more than 400 rooms. By 1878 tourists could come by railroad from Berlin to the shores of Sinepuxent Bay across from the city. By 1881 a line was completed across Sinepuxent Bay to the shore, bringing rail passengers directly into the city.

The Ocean City Inlet was formed during a powerful storm in 1933; the inlet separated what is now Ocean City from Assateague Island. Engineers took advantage of nature's intervention and made the inlet at the south end of Ocean City permanent. The inlet eventually helped to establish Ocean City as one of the world's great fishing ports as it offered easy access to the fishing grounds of the Atlantic Ocean.

Wind and surf continually change the coastline piers and woodland once standing on the barrier island's bayside are now projecting from the dunes on the ocean side. As the inner shoreline increases, it moves closer to the mainland, while the outer shoreline erodes away by the pounding surf, strong tides and yearly storms.

A few years ago, Ocean City underwent a multi-million dollar beach restoration program in an attempt to slow the westward migration of its beaches. The program pumped tons of sand from offshore and deposited it onto the beach. A duneline was also re-established in front of Ocean City's building line.

Ocean City extends nearly 10 miles from the southern inlet to the Delaware line. The strip now supports hotels, motels, apartment houses and condominiums. The southern end is filled with amusement parks, boardwalk amusements and cotton candy, still has the aura of an old seaside resort. But as you move north up the coast, the scenery changes to that of a more modern resort.

Rapid expansion of Ocean City took place during the post-war boom. In 1952, with the completion of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge, Ocean City became easily accessible to people in the Baltimore-Washington corridor.In 1964, with the completion of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel, a whole new pathway to the south was opened. Ocean City became the playground of one of the largest vacation areas of the east.

By the 1970s, big business flourished and gave birth to the construction of more than 10,000 condominium units, creating a spectacular sight of high-rise apartments that assured every investor of a glimpse of the ocean and pounding surf.

Today, Ocean City continues to spread westward across the bay and toward Berlin and Ocean Pines. No longer a quaint resort, it still affords hundreds of thousands of vacationers an escape from their everyday lives.

The city supports a full-time population of less than eight thousand, with the city itself being a major employer. In the winter, the city seems eerily empty with the broad streets broken by blinking traffic lights. In the summer, the city bursts at the seems, with businesses and government agencies augmented with a large number of temporary policemen, firefighters and other workers.

Geography

Ocean City is located at 38°23'29" North, 75°4'11" West (38.391526, -75.069712)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 94.2 km² (36.4 mi²). 11.8 km² (4.6 mi²) of it is land and 82.4 km² (31.8 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 87.47% water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 7,173 people, 3,750 households, and 1,829 families residing year-round in the town. The population density is 607.3/km² (1,574.7/mi²). There are 26,317 housing units at an average density of 2,228.3/km² (5,777.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 95.34% White, 2.50% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.24% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 3,750 households out of which 11.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% are married couples living together, 6.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 51.2% are non-families. 39.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 13.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 1.91 and the average family size is 2.47.

In the town the population is spread out with 11.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 25.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 47 years. For every 100 females there are 105.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 103.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $35,772, and the median income for a family is $44,614. Males have a median income of $28,613 versus $27,457 for females. The per capita income for the town is $26,078. 8.4% of the population and 6.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.0% of those under the age of 18 and 3.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

External links

Town Of Ocean City Website (http://www.town.ocean-city.md.us/) Template:Mapit-US-cityscale

Ocean City Chamber of Commerce (http://www.oceancity.org)

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