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Olsztyn

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Poland Olsztyn (pronounce: Missing image
Ltspkr.png
Image:Ltspkr.png

[:ɔlʃtin], German Allenstein) is a city in north-east Poland, historically capital of Warmia, on the Lyna River, with a population of 173,350 (2004). Olsztyn is the capital of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodship, previously Olsztyn Voivodship.

Contents

Geography

The town is beautifully situated in a lake region of forests and plains, barely touched by man. There are 11 lakes inside the administrative bounds of the town and many more surrounding it: (Krzywe, Dlugie, Zbik, Redykajny and others).

Economy

For industry, it features a tire company, Stomil, a subsidiary of Michelin. There are also food processing plants and furniture manufacturers.

Buildings

Education

Regional and scientific societies

Sports

Famous people

  • Nicolaus Copernicus for some time lived at the Olsztyn castle, where he was administrator and was in charge of the King's of Poland forces to defend the city against the Teutonic Knights .
  • Lucas David, a historian of Olsztyn wrote a number of volumes on Prussian history, some are in the collection (Prussica Sammlung Trunz) started by Dr. August Trunz (1875-1963) of Olsztyn.

Politics

Olsztyn constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Olsztyn constituency

  • Mieczysław Aszkiełowicz, Samoobrona
  • Jerzy Czepułkowski, SLD-UP
  • Jerzy Dziewulski, SLD-UP
  • Sebastian Florek, SLD-UP
  • Tadeusz Iwiński, SLD-UP
  • Halina Nowina-Konopka, LPR
  • Joanna Sosnowska, SLD-UP
  • Aleksander Szczygło, PiS
  • Marek Żyliński, PO


Postage stamps

Missing image
Stamp_Allenstein_1920_5pf.jpg
5-pfennig stamp

Originally the town was in a district of the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights In 1920 a plebiscite was held to determine whether the people wished to become part of East Prussia or Poland. In order to avoid bias, and to advertise the plebiscite, special postage stamps were produced by overprinting German stamps and sold from 3 April. One kind of overprint read PLÉBISCITE / OLSZTYN / ALLENSTEIN, while the other read TRAITÉ / DE / VERSAILLES / ART. 94 et 95 inside an oval whose border gave the full name of the plebiscite commission. Each overprint was applied to 14 denominations ranging from 5pf to 3m.

The plebiscite was held on 11 July, and produced 362,209 votes (97.8 percent) for Germany and 7,980 votes (2.2 percent) for Poland. The stamps became invalid 20 August. Despite the short period of use, almost all the types of these stamps are cheaply available both used and unused. The relatively large portion of southern East Prussia contained in the plebescite area thus remained part of Germany until after World War II, when it was transferred to Poland.

External links:


 
Poland
Flag of Poland
Voivodships of Poland
Greater Poland | Kuyavia-Pomerania | Lesser Poland | Łódź | Lower Silesia | Lublin | Lubusz | Masovia | Opole | Podlachia | Pomerania | Świętokrzyskie | Silesia | Subcarpathia | Warmia and Masuria | West Pomerania
Principal cities
Warsaw | Łódź | Kraków | Wrocław | Poznań | Gdańsk | Szczecin | Bydgoszcz | Lublin | Katowice | Białystok | Częstochowa | Gdynia | Gorzów Wlkp. | Toruń | Radom | Kielce | Rzeszów | Olsztyn

da:Olsztyn de:Olsztyn fr:Olsztyn lv:Olština nds:Allenstein pl:Olsztyn ro:Olsztyn sv:Olsztyn

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