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Organization of the Islamic Conference

From Academic Kids

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OIC_Flag.gif
The flag of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)

The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is an inter-governmental organization with a Permanent Delegation to the United Nations. It groups 57 mostly Islamic nations in the Middle East, North and West Africa, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, (with the exceptions of Albania, Guyana, and Surinam). The OIC is dedicated to serving the interests of the world's 1.3 billion Muslims.

The primary goals of the OIC are, according to itself, "to promote solidarity among all member states; to consolidate cooperation among member states in economic, social, cultural, scientific, and other fields of activity; to endeavor to eliminate racial segregation and discrimination and to oppose colonialism in all its forms; to support the Palestinian people in their struggle to regain their national rights and to return to their homeland; and, to support all Muslim people in their struggle to safeguard their dignity, independence and national rights."

The OIC was set up in Rabat, Morocco on September 25, 1969 in reaction to an arson attack against the Al-Aqsa Mosque on August 21, 1969.

Contents

Structure and Organization

The OIC system consists of:

The Islamic Summit Conference
The highest policy-making organ, attended by the Kings and the Heads of State and Government of the member states, convened every three years.

The Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers
It meets once a year to examine a progress report on the implementation of its decisions taken within the framework of the policy defined by the Islamic Summit.

The Permanent Secretariat
It is the executive organ of the Organization, entrusted with the implementation of the decisions of the two preceding bodies, and is located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Current secretary is Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, from Turkey, since January 1 2005.

Standing Committees

  • Al Quds (Jerusalem) Committee.
  • Standing Committee on Information and Cultural Affairs (COMIAC).
  • Standing Committee on Economic and Trade Cooperation (COMCEC).
  • Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH).
  • Islamic Committee for Economic, Cultural and Social Affairs.
  • Permanent Finance Committee.
  • Financial Control Organ.

Subsidiary Organs

Specialized Institutions

Affiliated institutions

Members

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OIC Member States
Full members
State Year
Afghanistan 1969
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of 1969
Chad, Republic of 1969
Egypt, Arab Republic of 1969
Guinea, Republic of 1969
Indonesia, Republic of 1969
Iran, Islamic Republic of 1969
Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of 1969
Kuwait, State of 1969
Lebanon, Republic of 1969
Libya, Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1969
Malaysia 1969
Mali, Republic of 1969
Mauritania, Islamic Republic of 1969
Morocco, Kingdom of 1969
Niger, Republic of 1969
Pakistan, Islamic Republic of 1969
Palestine, State of 1969
Yemen, Republic of 1969
Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of 1969
Senegal, Republic of 1969
Sudan, Republic of the 1969
Somalia, Democratic Republic of 1969
Tunisia, Republic of 1969
Turkey, Republic of 1969
Bahrain, State of 1970
Oman, Sultanate of 1970
Qatar, State of 1970
Syrian Arab Republic 1970
United Arab Emirates, State of 1970
Sierra Leone, Republic of 1972
Bangladesh, People's Republic of 1974
Gabon, Republic of 1974
Gambia, Republic of the 1974
Guinea-Bissau, Republic of 1974
Uganda, Republic of 1974
Burkina Faso 1975
Cameroon, Republic of 1975
Comoros, Federal Islamic Republic of the 1976
Iraq, Republic of 1976
Maldives, Republic of 1976
Djibouti, Republic of 1978
Benin, Republic of 1982
Brunei Dar-us-Salaam, Sultanate of 1984
Nigeria, Federal Republic of 1986
Azerbaijan, Republic of 1991
Albania, Republic of 1992
Kyrgyzstan, Republic of 1992
Tajikistan, Republic of 1992
Turkmenistan, Republic of 1992
Mozambique, Republic of 1994
Kazakhstan, Republic of 1995
Uzbekistan, Republic of 1995
Surinam, Republic of the 1996
Togo, Republic of 1997
Guyana, Republic of 1998
Cte d'Ivoire, Republic of 2001
Observer States
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of 1994
Central African Republic 1997
Thailand, Kingdom of 1998
Observer Muslim Organizations and Communities
Moro National Liberation Front 1977
Turkish Cypriot State 1979
Observer International Organizations
League of Arab States 1975
United Nations 1976
Non-Aligned Movement 1977
Organization of African Unity 1977
Economic Cooperation Organization 1995

Past Islamic Summit Conferences

numberdatecountryplace
1st1969, September 22-September 25MoroccoRabat
2nd1974, February 22-February 24PakistanLahore
3rd1981, January 25-January 29Saudi ArabiaMecca and Taif
4th1984, January 16-January 19MoroccoCasablanca
5th1987, January 26-January 29KuwaitKuwait City
6th1991, December 9-December 11SenegalDakar
7th1994, December 13-December 15MoroccoCasablanca
extraordinary1997, March 23PakistanIslamabad
8th1997, December 9-December 11IranTehran
9th2000, November 12-November 13QatarDoha
extraordinary2003, March 5QatarDoha
10th2003, October 16-October 17MalaysiaPutrajaya

External links

Template:OICfr:Organisation de la confrence islamique it:Organizzazione della Conferenza Islamica ja:イスラム諸国会議機構 zh:伊斯兰会议组织

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