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Orlando International Airport

From Academic Kids

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View of the interior of MCO, showing the on-site hotel rooms
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FAA diagram of Orlando International Airport

Orlando International Airport Template:Airport codes is an airport located in Orlando, Florida. It is one of the busiest airports in Florida, owing to Orlando's popularity as a tourist destination and its enormous residential and commercial growth. The airport serves as a hub for Delta Connection carrier Chautauqua Airlines and a focus city for US Airways, Southwest Airlines, and AirTran Airways.

Contents

History

Before 1974, the land the airport now sits on was largely owned by the United States Air Force who operated an airbase there. The base was known as McCoy Air Force Base and the civilian airport was known as the Orlando Jetport at McCoy. Commercial service to the Jetport began in 1962 as flights were migrated from the old Herndon Airport, now the Orlando Executive Airport. The airport was under control of the city of Orlando for just one year, and in 1975 the Greater Orlando Aviation Authority (GOAA) was founded. Their mission was to manage and build the Orlando International Airport and the Orlando Executive Airport. The airport gained its current name and international airport status a year later in 1976, but kept its old IATA airport code MCO and ICAO airport code KMCO.

In 1978, MCO handled 5 million passengers. By 2000, that number had soared to 30 million. Today, MCO covers 23 square miles (60 km²), and is the third-largest airport in the United States by area (after Denver and Dallas). MCO also has North America's tallest control tower.

Eastern Airlines used Orlando as a hub during the 1970s and early 1980s, and became "the official airline of Walt Disney World." Following Eastern's demise, Delta Air Lines assumed this role, although it later pulled most of its large aircraft operations from Orlando and focused its service there on jet feederliner flights.

In 2004, Hurricane Charley caused some damage to the airport when it struck on the evening of August 13.

On February 22, 2005, MCO became the first airport in Florida to accept E-Pass and SunPass toll transponders as a form of payment for parking. The system allows drivers to enter and exit a parking garage without pulling a ticket or stopping to pay the parking fee.

The Florida High Speed Rail Authority plans to make MCO the first multimodal airport in Florida by connecting it to Lakeland, Tampa, and St. Petersburg via high speed rail by 2009. [1] (http://www.floridahighspeedrail.org/2c_phases.jsp)

Structure and function

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People mover stop

Orlando International Airport has a single main terminal connected by people mover to four airside terminals. Airsides 1 and 2 use baggage claim "A", while airsides 3 and 4 use baggage claim "B."

Airside 1 (gates 1-29)

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People mover infrastructure

Airside 2 (gates 100-129)

  • AirTran Airways (Akron/Canton, Atlanta, Baltimore/Washington, Bloomington, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dayton, Flint, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moline, Newport News, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and Rochester)
  • JetBlue (Boston and New York/Kennedy)
  • Southwest Airlines (Albany, Austin, Baltimore/Washington, Birmingham, Buffalo, Chicago/Midway, Columbus, Ft. Lauderdale/Hollywood, Hartford/Springfield, Houston/Hobby, Indianapolis, Long Island/Islip, Jackson, Kansas City, Long Island/Islip, Louisville, Manchester, Nashville, New Orleans, Norfolk/Southern Virginia, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Providence, Raleigh/Durham, St. Louis, and San Antonio)

Airside 3 (gates 30-59)

  • Air Canada (Halifax, Montreal, Ottawa, and Toronto)
  • Independence Air (Knoxville, Washington/Dulles)
  • Northwest Airlines (Detroit, Memphis, and Minneapolis/St. Paul)
  • Spirit Airlines (Atlantic City, Chicago/O'Hare, Detroit, New York/LaGuardia, and San Juan)
  • Ted (Chicago/O'Hare, Denver, and Washington/Dulles)
  • United Airlines (Los Angeles and San Francisco)
  • US Airways (Albany, Baltimore, Buffalo, Charlotte, Columbus, Fort Lauderdale, Hartford, Harrisburg, Key West, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Providence, Syracuse, and Washington/Reagan)

Airside 4 (gates 60-99)

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