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Otto Rank

From Academic Kids

Otto Rank (April 22, 1884October 31, 1939) was an Austrian psychologist who extended psychoanalytic theory to the study of legend, myth, art, and other works of creativity. Born in Vienna as Otto Rosenfeld, he was also one of Sigmund Freud's closest aides and later colleagues and finally critic. He is the most prolific author in the "Ring" besides Freud himself. His breaking with Freud was because of Rank's placing greater emphasis on birth trauma than the Oedipus complex.

Rank favored a more egalitarian relationship with patients and is sometimes considered the forerunner of client-centered therapy. Among his patients were many artists including Anais Nin.

He died in New York City in 1939 from a kidney infection.


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Major publications

Major works written by Otto Rank, by date of first publication.

Year German Title (Current Edition) English Translation (Current Edition)
1907 Der Kunstler The Artist
1909 Der Mythus von der Geburt des Helden (Turia & Kant, 2000, ISBN 3851321413) The Myth of the Birth of the Hero (Johns Hopkins, 2004, ISBN 0801878837)
1911 Die Lohengrin Sage [doctoral thesis] The Lohengrin Saga
1912 Das Inzest-Motif The Incest Theme in Literature and Legend (Johns Hopkins, 1991, ISBN 0801841763)
1913 Die Bedeutung der Psychoanalyse fur die Geisteswissenschaften [with Hanns Sachs] The Significance of Psychoanalysis for the Mental Sciences
1914 chapters in Sigmund Freud's Die Traumdeutung The Interpretation of Dreams
1924 Das Trauma der Geburt (Psychosozial-Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3932133250) The Trauma of Birth, 1929 (Dover, 1994, ISBN 0-486-27974-X)
1924 Entwicklungsziele der Psychoanalyse [with Sandor Ferenczi] The Development of Psychoanalysis / Developmental Goals of Psychoanalysis
1925 Der Doppelgnger [written 1914] The Double (Karnac, 1989, ISBN 0946439583)
1929 Wahrheit und Wirklichkeit Truth and Reality (Norton, 1978, ISBN 0393008991)
1930  ? Will Therapy, 1936 (Norton, 1978, ISBN 0393008983)
1930 Seelenglaube und Psychologie Psychology and the Soul (Johns Hopkins, 2003, ISBN 0801872375)
1932 Kunst und Knstler (Psychosozial-Verlag, 2000, ISBN 3898060233) Art and Artist (Norton, 1989, ISBN 0-393-30574-0)
1932   Modern Education
1941   Beyond Psychology (Dover, 1966, ISBN 0-486-20485-5)
1996   A Psychology of Difference: The American Lectures [talks given 1924–1938; edited and with an introductory essay by Robert Kramer] (Princeton, 1996, ISBN 0691044708)

References

Major works about Otto Rank.

  • Karpf, Fay Berger (1970). The Psychology and Psychotherapy of Otto Rank: An Historical and Comparative Introduction. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0837130298.
  • Lieberman, E. James (1985). Acts of Will: The Life and Work of Otto Rank. Free Press. ISBN 0-68-486327-8.

External link

it:Otto Rank ja:オットー・ランク

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