Palatal consonant

From Academic Kids

Places of articulation
Labial
Bilabial
Labiodental
Linguolabial
Labial-velar
Coronal
Interdental
Dental
Retroflex
Alveolar
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epiglottal
Glottal
Apical
Laminal
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Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the middle or back part of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).

Consonants with other primary articulations may be palatalised, that is, accompanied by the raising of the tongue surface towards the hard palate. For example, English (spelled sh) has such a palatal component, although its primary articulation involves the tip of the tongue and the upper gum (this type of articulation is called palatoalveolar). The palatal consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
Image:Xsampa-J.png palatal nasal Spanish maana ['] morning, tomorrow
Image:Xsampa-c.png voiceless palatal plosive Hungarian hatty ['] swan
Image:Xsampa-Jslash.png voiced palatal plosive Margi ɟaɗí ['] hump of a cow
Image:Xsampa-C2.png voiceless palatal fricative German nicht ['] not
Image:Xsampa-jslash2.png voiced palatal fricative Spanish yema ['] egg yolk
Image:Xsampa-j2.png palatal approximant English yes ['] yes
Image:Xsampa-L2.png lateral palatal approximant Italian gli ['] the (masculine plural)
Missing image
Xsampa-Jslash_lessthan.png
Image:Xsampa-Jslash_lessthan.png

voiced palatal implosive

See also

de:Palatal fr:Consonne palatale ja:硬口蓋音 ko:경구개음 sv:Palatal

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