Paul Martin Sr.

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(Redirected from Paul Joseph James Martin)

The Right Honourable Senator Paul Joseph James Martin, CC, PC, QC, often known as Paul Martin, Sr. (June 23, 1903September 14, 1992) was a noted Canadian politician.

Born in Ottawa, Ontario, to a Franco-Ontarian family, he soon moved to Windsor, Ontario. A member of the Liberal Party of Canada, he was first elected to the House of Commons in 1935 and entered cabinet in 1945. He went on to serve as a noted member of the cabinets of four Prime Ministers: William Lyon Mackenzie King, Louis St. Laurent, Lester B. Pearson and Pierre Trudeau.

Martin was viewed as one of the most left-wing members of the Liberal cabinet, and as Minister of National Health and Welfare from 1946 to 1957 he played an important role in the fight against polio and overseeing the creation of hospital insurance in Canada, and is sometimes recognized as a father of medicare. Martin served as Secretary of State for External Affairs in the government of Lester Pearson.

He ran for the Liberal leadership three times, in 1948, in 1958 and 1968, but was defeated at at all three Liberal leadership conventions, firstly by Louis St. Laurent, then by Lester B. Pearson, then by Pierre Elliot Trudeau. Trudeau appointed him to the Senate in 1968, where he served as Leader of the Government in the Senate until 1974 when he was appointed High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. In 1976 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada.

Paul Joseph James Martin is the father of Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin.


Preceded by:
Raymond Morand, Cons.
Member of Parliament from Essex East
1935-1968
Succeeded by:
Riding was abolished in 1966
Preceded by:
Howard Charles Green
Secretary of State for External Affairs (Canada)
1963-1968
Succeeded by:
Mitchell Sharp

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