Pfizer Inc.

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Template:Infobox Company Pfizer, Incorporated Template:NYSE, is a global pharmaceutical company, with headquarters in New York City. It produces the number-one selling drug Lipitor (atorvastatin, used to lower blood cholesterol); the oral antifungal medication Diflucan (fluconazole), the long-acting antibiotic Zithromax (azithromycin), the well-known erectile dysfunction drug Viagra (sildenafil citrate), and the pain reliever Celebrex (celecoxib)

Pfizer's shares were made a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average on April 8, 2004.

Contents

History

Pfizer is named after chemist Charles Pfizer (1824-1906) who launched his chemicals business from a building in Williamsburg, Brooklyn in 1849. Here, he produced an antiparasitic called santonin. This was an immediate success, although it was the production of citric acid that really kick-started Pfizer's growth in the 1880s.

By 1910, sales totalled nearly $3 million, and Pfizer became established as an expert in fermentation technology. These skills were applied to the mass production of penicillin during the World War II, in response to an appeal from the US government. The antibiotic was urgently needed to treat injured Allied soldiers, and it soon became known as "the miracle drug". In fact, most of the penicillin that went ashore with the troops on D-Day was made by Pfizer.

By the 1950s, Pfizer was established in Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, Puerto Rico and the United Kingdom.

In 2000, Pfizer merged with Warner-Lambert in order to acquire full rights to Lipitor (atorvastatin), the blockbuster statin previously jointly marketed by Warner-Lambert and Pfizer. Warner-Lambert was based in Morris Plains, New Jersey where their former headquarters has now become a major base of operations for Pfizer. The Morris Plains facility is mostly used for administrative purposes. Most of Pfizer's research is done in Groton, Connecticut and Sandwich, England.

In 2002, Pfizer merged with competitor Pharmacia to become the largest pharmaceutical company in the world. The merger was again driven in part by the desire to acquire full rights to a blockbuster product, this time Celebrex (celecoxib), the COX-2 selective inhibitor previously jointly marketed by Searle (acquired by Pharmacia) and Pfizer.

Sugen

Sugen was founded in 1991 in Redwood City, California as a partnership between the laboratories of Joseph Schlessinger at New York University Medical School and Axel Ullrich at the Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry (sic), and Steven Evans-Freke as a third co-founder. The focus of the enterprise was to develop drugs targeting intracellular signaling pathways to treat cancer. Pharmacia acquired Sugen in 1999, which merged with the pharmaceutical division of Monsanto in 2000 and was purchased by Pfizer in 2003. In 1999 Pharmacia took two of Sugen's compounds into man in colon cancer clinical trials: SU5416 and SU6668; the trials were discontinued, but both of these compounds were in the series that eventually led to SU11248. Sugen's laboratories were closed as part of the reorganization following Pfizer's purchase of Pharmacia. From the aquisition, the Sugen compounds SU11248 and SU11657 entered Pfizer's pipeline.Template:RefTemplate:Ref

Management

Products

Pfizer manufactures both pharmaceutical medications and over-the-counter consumer products.

Pharmaceuticals

The following is a list of key prescription pharmaceutical products as found on the Pfizer website (http://www.pfizer.com/do/index.html), retrieved 2005-03-27. The names shown are all registered trademarks of Pfizer Inc.

Over-the-Counter brands

The following is a partial list of Over-the-Counter brands manufactured by Pfizer:

Legislation and Litigation

Bjork-Shiley heart valve

Pfizer purchased Shiley in 1979 at the onset of its Convexo-Concave valve ordeal, involving the Bjork-Shiley heart valve. Approximately 500 people died when defective valves failed and, in 1994, the United States ruled against Pfizer for ~$200 million.

Patients' rights legislation

Pfizer proposed a ban on all lawsuits against manufacturers of body implant parts which was proposed in the United States Congress as part of tort reform legislation.

Research and development

Pfizer's research and development organization is headquartered in New London, CT. The company has R&D labs in the following locations: Groton, Connecticut, Sandwich, England, Nagoya, Japan, Amboise, France, La Jolla, California, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Ann Arbor, Michigan, St. Louis, Missouri, Kalamazoo, Michigan

In 2004, Pfizer invested $7.68 billion in research and development, the largest investment in R&D by private biomedical research organization.

Diversity

Pfizer received a 100% rating on the Corporate Equality Index released by the Human Rights Campaign starting in 2004, the third year of the report.

See also

External links

Notes

  1. Template:Note Pfizer (2003). Annual Review 2003 (http://www.pfizer.com/pfizer/are/investors_reports/annual_2003/review/index.jsp). Annual Report.
  2. Template:Note Schlessinger, Joseph (2005). "SU11248: Genesis of a New Cancer Drug". The Scientist 19(7):17-24.ar:فيزر

de:Pfizer hu:Pfizer Inc. ja:ファイザー zh:辉瑞制药有限公司

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