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In addition to its autonomous communities, Spain has five plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty) near Morocco administrated directly by Madrid's Government. They are part of the European Union as part of Spain. Their currency is the euro.

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Plaza_de_soberania.gif
19th-century Spanish map showing the "plazas de soberanía"

Ceuta and Melilla are now autonomous cities (a kind of autonomous communities), and have more powers than plain cities (they can produce regulations to execute acts, with higher regulation competencies than normal city councils) but fewer than autonomous communities (as they do not have autonomous legislative powers).

When Spain recognized the independence of Morocco in 1956, it did not withdraw its claims to any of the islands and islets off Morocco's northern coast that Spain has held since the 16th century, long before the colonization of Morocco in the 1900s. This left the Chafarinas Islands, Alborán Island and the Rocks of Alhucemas and Vélez de la Gomera under direct Spanish administration.

All of these islands are claimed by Morocco.


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es:Plaza de soberanía hu:Plaza de soberanía nl:Plazas de soberanía pt:Possessões espanholas

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