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Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China

From Academic Kids

Template:Politics of the People's Republic of China The Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会 pinyin: Zhōnggu Gngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhngzhj Chngw Wěiyunhu) is a committee whose membership varies between 5 and 9 and includes the top leadership of the Communist Party of China. The inner workings of the PSC are not well known, although it is believed that decisions of the PSC are made by consensus. Formally the membership of the Committee is approved by the Central Committee. In practice, the membership of the PSC appears to be the result of negotiations among the top leadership of the Communist Party.

Contents

History

Although the PSC has existed since the beginning of the People's Republic of China, the actual power wielded by the PSC has varied wildly from period to period. During the Cultural Revolution, the PSC and the Communist Party of China were essentially powerless with actual power being in the Revolutionary Committees set up by Mao Zedong.

After taking power in 1978, one of the goals of Deng Xiaoping was to strengthen the power of the party, a goal which he ironically undermined in 1989 when he ordered the military to intervene in the Tiananmen Protests of 1989 against the wishes of a majority of the PSC, and in which the party subsequently ousted a majority of the PSC.

Although Jiang Zemin stepped down from this powerful committee to make way for a younger fourth generation of leadership led by Hu Jintao, Jiang may continue to wield significant influence. Five or six out of the nine new members of the Standing Committee, Wu Bangguo, Jia Qinglin, Zeng Qinghong, Huang Ju, Li Changchun and sometimes Wu Guanzheng are Jiang protgs. The 22-member Politburo is elected by the Party's central committee. At the 2002 16th Party Congress, the Standing Committee was expanded to include nine members.

Current members

CPC Standing Committee members , 3rd left, , 4th left, , 2nd left, , 5th left, , 1st left, and , 6th left, view the   launch of
CPC Standing Committee members Wu Bangguo, 3rd left, Wen Jiabao, 4th left, Jia Qinglin, 2nd left, Zeng Qinghong, 5th left, Li Changchun, 1st left, and Luo Gan, 6th left, view the October 2003 launch of Shenzhou V

The current members of the 16th PSC are (as of 2003):

Historical makeup of the PSC

15th PSC (1997 - 2002)

  • Jiang Zemin (also General Secretary, Chinese Communist Party; President, People's Republic of China; Chairman, Central Military Commission)
  • Li Peng (also Chairman, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress)
  • Zhu Rongji (also Premier of the State Council)
  • Li Ruihuan (also Chairman, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference)
  • Hu Jintao (also Vice President, People's Republic of China; Vice Chairman, Central Military Commission)
  • Wei Jianxing (also Secretary, Central Disciplinary Inspection Commission)
  • Li Lanqing (also Executive Vice Premier)

14th PSC (1992 - 1997)

13th PSC (1987 - 1992)

12th PSC (1982 - 1987)

11th PSC (1977 - 1982)

10th PSC (1973 - 1977)

9th PSC (1969 - 1973)

8th PSC (1956 - 1969)

1st to 7th "De facto" PSC (pre 1956) Often known as the "Big Five".

See also

zh:中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会

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