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Posen district

From Academic Kids

Posen District was the southern of two administrative districts (German: Regierungsbezirk, Polish:Rejencja, ) of the Province of Posen (1849-1918) by the Prussian administration and its predecessor the semi-autonomous Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1849).

It was bordered on the north by the Bromberg district, to the west by Brandenburg, to the south by Silesia and to the east by Congress Poland.

The Posen district was inhabited mainly by Poles and had a smaller percentage of German settlers, and was therefore less Protestant.

Divisions

Note: Prussian provinces were subdivided into units called "Kreise" (singular "Kreis", abbreviated "Kr.", English "circle"), which were similar to large counties in US terms. Cities would have their own "Stadtkreis" (English: "municipal county") and the surrounding rural area would be named for the city, but referred to as a "Landkreis" (English: "rural county"). In the case of Posen, the Landkreis was split into two: Landkreis Posen West, and Landkreis Posen East. The district was originally divided into 16 larger Kreise, which were later divided into the final 27 Kreise, the larger ones spinning off smaller units.

Data is from Prussian censuses, during a period state-sponsored germanization, and includes military garrisons. It is commonly criticized for lack of authenticity.

Kreis ("County") Polish name 1905 Pop Polish German Jewish Origin
City of Posen Poznań 55%
Adelnau Odolanów 90% 10% Ostrowo
Birnbaum Międzychód 51% 49%
Bomst Babimost 49% 51%
Fraustadt Wschowa 27% 73%
Gostyn Gostyń 87% 13% Kröben
Grätz Grodzisk 82% 18% Buk
Jarotschin Jarocin 83% 17% Pleschen
Kempen Kępno 84% 16% Schildberg
Koschmin Koźmin 83% 17% Krotoschin
Kosten Kościan 89% 11%
Krotoschin Krotoszyn 70% 30%
Lissa Leszno 36% 64% Fraustadt
Meseritz Międzyrzecz 20% 80%
Neutomischel Nowy Tomyśl 51% 49% Buk
Obornik Oborniki 61% 39%
Ostrowo Ostrów 80% 20%
Pleschen Pleszew 85% 15%
Posen Ost Poznań 72% 28% Posen
Posen West Poznań 87% 13% Posen
Rawitsch Rawicz 55% 45% Kröben
Samter Szamotuły 73% 27%
Schildberg Ostrzeszów 90% 10%
Schmiegel Śmigiel 82% 18% Kosten
Schrimm Śrem 82% 18%
Schroda Środa 88% 12%
Schwerin Skwierzyna 5% 95% Birnbaum
Wreschen Września 84% 16%
Kingdom Prussia
Province (other provinces) Posen (other provinces)
Regierungsbezirk   Bromberg district Posen district  
Kreis   City of Bromberg Bromberg Czarnikau Filehne Gnesen Hohensalza Kolmar Mogilno Schubin Strelno Wirsitz Witkowo Wongrowitz Znin City of Posen Adelnau Birnbaum Bomst Fraustadt Gostyn Grätz Jarotschin Kempen Koschmin Kosten Krotoschin Lissa Meseritz Neutomischel Obornik Ostrowo Pleschen Posen Ost Posen West Rawitsch Samter Schildberg Schmiegel Schrimm Schroda Schwerin Wreschen  
Standesamt (see Kreis articles for links to Standesämter)
Community (see Standesämter articles for links to communities) edit {{{2}}} (http://footwww.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php?title=Template:NavPosenDistricts&action=edit)

Article Map

This article is part of the Prussia portion of the Wikipedia Project "Historical States" which is structured upon the administrative organization of the Prussian government as it existed just before unification in 1871.

  • Kingdom of Prussia (between 1815 and 1871, part of the German Confederation; between 1871 and 1920, inside the German Empire)
    • Province of Posen
      • Admin. districts ("Regierungsbezirke") - usually two or three per province <== YOU ARE HERE
        • Counties ("Kreise") - around 30 - 40 per province
          • Civil registration districts ("Standesämter"), similar to a township - usually 5 - 10 per Kreis.
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